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Fitness Equipment | Sporting Goods – Sears

Posted: December 25, 2016 at 7:53 am


Whether you're training for a marathon or just playing a game of football with the family, fitness equipment can help everyone stay active while having fun. Sears has sporting goods that appeal to athletes of all ages. Kids will have a blast with wheeled sports equipment like bikes and skateboards, and adults can enjoy assembling a home gym with ease.

Instead of dealing with long commutes to the gym and membership fees, add some fitness equipment to your home. High-tech cardio equipment, such as treadmillsand elliptical machines, will get your heart pumping. If you want to work on core strength, develop your muscles on a new weight bench or with a versatile kettlebells. When you're looking for activities the whole family can enjoy together, try recreation games. Sears carries a wide variety of sporting goods, ranging from footballs to basketballs, everyone can work up a sweat during the course of a pick-up game.

When heading outdoors for an adventure, pack sports equipment in your gym bagto make the journey more exciting. Choose from various boating or scuba gear to explore the waters during a beach vacation. If you're headed to a snowy resort, a set of skis or different types of snowboards can help make the most of a scenic winter wonderland. Challenge your mind and body with new fitness equipment and sporting goods from Sears.

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Fitness Equipment | Sporting Goods - Sears

Fitness & Exercise – Sears

Posted: at 7:53 am


Fitness and exercise equipment can help both beginners and experts progress through their fitness journey. Rather than packing a bag and driving to the gym, you can stay home and work up a sweat with fitness equipment from Sears. In addition to cardio and strength machines, explore accessories like sturdy gym flooring mats and instructional DVDs. Monitor your routine with a high-tech fitness tracker. Enjoy fitness from home with exercise equipment.

Quality cardio, strength and exercise tools can turn any room into an instant gym. Add a treadmill or elliptical to get the blood pumping. Use the adjustable settings to vary the intensity of any workout. Use a set of dumbbells, barbells or kettlebells to work towards your strength-training goals. For a low-impact alternative, try a yoga kit with blocks and straps. Check your fitness tracker and watch to keep track of your heart rate while challenging your body.

Athletes can work towards unique fitness goals using specialized fitness tools. Pick up some punching bags and MMA gloves to prepare for the next match. The high-quality materials can withstand strike after strike. If you are training for team sports, use agility training gear and resistance tools to prepare for your time on the field. Sears even has stretching aids, like foam rollers and inversion tables, to help the muscles relax after a hard training session. Give every workout your best effort with fitness and exercise tools.

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Fitness & Exercise - Sears

Physical fitness – Wikipedia

Posted: December 24, 2016 at 6:44 pm


Physical fitness is a general state of health and well-being and, more specifically, the ability to perform aspects of sports, occupations and daily activities. Physical fitness is generally achieved through proper nutrition,[1] moderate-vigorous physical exercise,[2] and sufficient rest.[3]

Before the industrial revolution, fitness was defined as the capacity to carry out the days activities without undue fatigue. However, with automation and changes in lifestyles physical fitness is now considered a measure of the body's ability to function efficiently and effectively in work and leisure activities, to be healthy, to resist hypokinetic diseases, and to meet emergency situations.[4]

Fitness is defined[5] as the quality or state of being fit. Around 1950, perhaps consistent with the Industrial Revolution and the treatise of World War II, the term "fitness" increased in western vernacular by a factor of ten.[6] Modern definition of fitness describe either a person or machine's ability to perform a specific function or a holistic definition of human adaptability to cope with various situations. This has led to an interrelation of human fitness and attractiveness which has mobilized global fitness and fitness equipment industries. Regarding specific function, fitness is attributed to person who possess significant aerobic or anaerobic ability, i.e. strength or endurance. A holistic definition of fitness is described by Greg Glassman in the CrossFit journal as an increased work capacity across broad times and modal domains; mastery of several attributes of fitness including strength, endurance, power, speed, balance and coordination and being able to improve the amount of work done in a given time with any of these domains.[7] A well rounded fitness program will improve a person in all aspects of fitness, rather than one, such as only cardio/respiratory endurance or only weight training.

A comprehensive fitness program tailored to an individual typically focuses on one or more specific skills,[8] and on age-[9] or health-related needs such as bone health.[10] Many sources[11] also cite mental, social and emotional health as an important part of overall fitness. This is often presented in textbooks as a triangle made up of three points, which represent physical, emotional, and mental fitness. Physical fitness can also prevent or treat many chronic health conditions brought on by unhealthy lifestyle or aging.[12] Working out can also help some people sleep better and possibly alleviate some mood disorders in certain individuals.[13]

Developing research has demonstrated that many of the benefits of exercise are mediated through the role of skeletal muscle as an endocrine organ. That is, contracting muscles release multiple substances known as myokines which promote the growth of new tissue, tissue repair, and various anti-inflammatory functions, which in turn reduce the risk of developing various inflammatory diseases.[14]

The Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans was created by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. This publication suggests that all adults should avoid inactivity to promote good health mentally and physically. For substantial health benefits, adults should participate in at least 150 minutes (two hours and 30 minutes) a week of moderate-intensity, or 75 minutes (1 hour and 15 minutes) a week of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity, or an equivalent combination of moderate- and vigorous-intensity aerobic activity. Aerobic activity should be performed in episodes of at least 10 minutes, and preferably, it should be spread throughout the week. For additional and more extensive health benefits, adults should increase their aerobic physical activity to 300 minutes (5 hours) a week of moderate-intensity, or 150 minutes a week of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity, or an equivalent combination of moderate- and vigorous-intensity activity. Additional health benefits are gained by engaging in physical activity beyond this amount. Adults should also do muscle-strengthening activities that are moderate or high intensity and involve all major muscle groups on 2 or more days a week, as these activities provide additional health benefits.[15]

Specific or task-oriented fitness is a person's ability to perform in a specific activity with a reasonable efficiency: for example, sports or military service. Specific training prepares athletes to perform well in their sports.

Examples are:

In order for physical fitness to benefit the health of an individual, an unknown response in the person called a stimulus will be triggered by the exertion. When exercise is performed with the correct amount of intensity, duration and frequency, a significant amount of improvement can occur. The person may overall feel better but the physical effects on the human body take weeks or months to notice and possibly years for full development. For training purposes, exercise must provide a stress or demand on either a function or tissue. To continue improvements, this demand must eventually increase little over an extended period of time. This sort of exercise training has three basic principles: overload, specificity, and progression. These principles are related to health but also enhancement of physical working capacity.[22]

High Intensity Interval Training consists of repeated, short bursts of exercise, completed at a high level of intensity. These sets of intense activity are followed by a predetermined time of rest or low intensity activity.[23] Studies have shown that exercising at a higher intensity has increased cardiac benefits for humans, compared to when exercising at a low or moderate level.[24] When your workout consists of an HIIT session, your body has to work harder to replace the oxygen it lost. Research into the benefits of HIIT have revealed that it can be very successful for reducing fat, especially around the abdominal region. Furthermore, when compared to continuous moderate exercise, HIIT proves to burn more calories and increase the amount of fat burned post- HIIT session.[25] Lack of time is one of the main reasons stated for not exercising; HIIT is a great alternative for those people because the duration of an HIIT session can be as short as 10 minutes, making it much quicker than conventional workouts.[26]

Cardiorespiratory fitness can be measured using VO2 max, a measure of the amount of oxygen the body can uptake and utilize.[27][28] Aerobic exercise, which improves cardiorespiratory fitness, involves movement that increases the heart rate to improve the body's oxygen consumption. This form of exercise is an important part of all training regiments ranging from professional athletes to the everyday person. Also, it helps increase stamina.

Examples are:

Physical fitness has proven to result in positive effects on the body's blood pressure because staying active and exercising regularly builds up a stronger heart. The heart is the main organ in charge of systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. Engaging in a physical activity will create a rise in blood pressure, once the activity is stopped, however, the individuals blood pressure will return to normal. The more physical activity that one engages in, the easier this process becomes, resulting in a more fit individual.[30] Through regular physical fitness, the heart does not have to work as hard to create a rise in blood pressure, which lowers the force on the arteries, and lowers the over all blood pressure.[31]

Centers for disease control and prevention provide lifestyle guidelines of maintaining a balanced diet and engaging in physical activity to reduce the risk of disease. The WCRF/ American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) published a list of recommendations that reflect the evidence they have found through consistency in fitness and dietary factors that directly relate to Cancer prevention.

The WCRF/AICR recommendations include the following:

These recommendations are also widely supported by the American Cancer Society. The guidelines have been evaluated and individuals that have higher guideline adherence scores substantially reduce cancer risk as well as help towards control with a multitude of chronic health problems. Regular physical activity is a factor that helps reduce an individuals blood pressure and improves cholesterol levels, two key components that correlate with heart disease and Type 2 Diabetes.[33] The American Cancer Society encourages the public to "adopt a physically active lifestyle" by meeting the criteria in a variety of physical activities such as hiking, swimming, circuit training, resistance raining, lifting, etc. It is understood that cancer is not a disease that can be cured by physical fitness alone, however because it is a multifactorial disease, physical fitness is a controllable prevention. The large associations tied with being physically fit and reduced cancer risk are enough to provide a strategy to reduce cancer risk.[32] The American Cancer Society assorts different levels of activity ranging from moderate to vigorous to clarify the recommended time spent on a physical activity. These classifications of physical activity consider the intentional exercise and basic activities done on a daily basis and give the public a greater understanding by what fitness levels suffice as future disease prevention.

Studies have shown an association between increased physical activity and reduced inflammation.[34] It produces both a short-term inflammatory response and a long-term anti-inflammatory effect.[35] Physical activity reduces inflammation in conjunction with or independent of changes in body weight.[36] However, the mechanisms linking physical activity to inflammation are unknown.

Physical activity boosts the immune system. This is dependent on the concentration of endogenous factors (such as sex hormones, metabolic hormones and growth hormones), body temperature, blood flow, hydration status and body position.[37] Physical activity has shown to increase the levels of natural killer (NK) cells, NK T cells, macrophages, neutrophils and eosinophils, complements, cytokines, antibodies and T cytotoxic cells.[38][39] However, the mechanism linking physical activity to immune system is not fully understood.

Physical activity affects ones blood pressure, cholesterol levels, blood lipid levels, blood clotting factors and the strength of blood vessels. All factors that directly correlate to cardiovascular disease. It also improves the bodys use of insulin. People who are at risk for diabetes, Type 2 (insulin resistant) especially, benefit greatly from physical activity because it activates a better usage of insulin and protects the heart. Those who develop diabetes have an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. In a study where a sample of around ten thousand adults from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, physical activity and metabolic risk factors such as insulin resistance, inflammation, dyslipidemia were assessed. The study adjusted basic confounders with moderate/vigorous physical activity and the relation with CVD mortality. The results displayed physical activity being associated with a lower risk of CVD mortality that was independent of traditional metabolic risk factors.

The American Heart Association recommendations include the same findings as provided in the WCRF/ AICR recommendations list for people who are healthy. In regards to people with lower blood pressure or cholesterol, the association recommends that these individuals aim for around forty minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity around three or four times a week.[40]

Achieving resilience through physical fitness promotes a vast and complex range of health related benefits. Individuals who keep up physical fitness levels generally regulate their distribution of body fat and stay away from obesity. Abdominal fat, specifically visceral fat, is most directly affected by engaging in aerobic exercise. Strength training has been known to increase the amount of muscle in the body, however it can also reduce body fat.[41] Sex steroid hormones, insulin, and an appropriate immune response are factors that mediate metabolism in relation to the abdominal fat. Therefore, physical fitness provides weight control through regulation of these bodily functions.[42]

Menopause is the term that is used to refer to the stretch of both before and after a woman's last menstrual cycle. There are an instrumental amount of symptoms connected to menopause, most of which can affect the quality of life of the women involved in this stage of her life. One way to reduce the severity of the symptoms is exercise and keeping a healthy level of fitness. Prior to and during menopause as the female body changes there can be physical, physiological or internal changes to the body. These changes can be prevented or even reduced with the use of regular exercise. These changes include;[43]

The Melbourne Women's Midlife Health Project provided evidence that showed over an eight-year time period 438 were followed. Even though the physical activity was not associated with VMS in this cohort at the beginning. Women who reported they were physically active everyday at the beginning were 49% less likely to have reported bothersome hot flushes. This is in contrast to women whose level of activity decreased and were more likely to experience bothersome hot flushes.[45]

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Physical fitness - Wikipedia

Hale Koa Hotel – Fitness Center

Posted: December 13, 2016 at 9:43 am


Hours: Open daily from 5:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m.

In house hotel guests (18 years and older) enjoy complimentary access to the The Hale Koa Hotel Fitness Center, which boasts a wide variety of state-of-the-art fitness equipment, weight machines, cardiovascular equipment, sauna and steam room.

Outdoors, try out our scenic jogging path, lighted tennis courts, ocean-side handball, pickleball and sand volleyball courts.

Our facilities and activities include something for all ages and levels of experience - from veteran athlete to enthusiastic novice.

Our certified instructors will help you make the most of your experience with activities including:

Tennis Activities with Tennis Pro, David Izumi (808) 372-4620

CLICK HERE FOR ADDITIONAL TENNIS INFORMATION

**DISCLAIMER - Prices are subject to change without notice**

Types of classes, fees and times are subject to change. For the most updated schedule, please inquire with the Reception Desk Staff in the main lobby of the hotel.

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Hale Koa Hotel - Fitness Center

James Annesi BlackBoxFitness

Posted: at 9:43 am


Dr. Jim Annesi joined the YMCA of Metro Atlanta, Georgia in early 2000 as Director of Wellness Advancement. He is also presently Professor of Health Promotion and Education at Kennesaw State University, also in Georgia. He was previously on the faculties of Rutgers: The State University of New Jersey, and held clinical and research positions at the Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Elizabeth General Medical Center, and Enhanced Performance Technologies. He is an elected Fellow of The American Academy of Health Behavior, The Obesity Society, and the American Psychological Associations Division 38 (Society for Health Psychology) and Division 47 (Society for Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology). Jims research program includes approximately 150 peer-reviewed publications related to health behavior change theory and methods applied to exercise adherence, weight management, and the effects of physical activity on mental health, emotional eating, and other quality-of-life factors. His unique findings on linkages between physical activity, psychological changes, and eating behavior change was the basis of the most read article in the journal Behavioral Medicine for the years 2012-2013. Jim also authored over a hundred articles and chapters for health promotion practitioners, and three books that translate scientific research for applied use. His evidence-based programs, THE COACH APPROACH, Youth Fit 4 Life, Start For Life, and Weight Loss For Life have been used within a variety of preventive medicine, community health promotion, university, and academic medicine settings in the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Italy, and Japan. Their research and development has been funded by agencies such as the United States Department of Health and Human Service, United States Department of Education, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Canadian Interior Health Authority, along with numerous private foundations. Support of their effectiveness has come from the National Institutes of Health/National Cancer Institutes Research-tested Intervention Programs and the Public Health Agency of Canadas Best Practices for Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, among others. Prior to his present positions, Jim was a speaker and consultant for the International Health, Racquet & Sportsclub Association (IHRSA) in the area of exercise adherence within fitness centers.

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Prevention & Fitness – m2m.telekom.com

Posted: at 9:43 am


Healthcare in the Throes of Change / Prevention & Fitness

By using M2M solutions the healthcare industry can reduce costs and at the same time improve the quality of care.

Thanks to remote monitoring, hospitals can reduce or eliminate stays. Scarce hospital beds can then be freed up for more serious cases while the majority of patients can recover at home. Tracking solutions lead to increased security for patients and the elderly and to peace of mind for relatives. Meanwhile they can remain independent for longer in their own homes. M2M devices create a whole new lifestyle, preventing illness by making fitness monitoring fun.

Medical apps and wearables are highly in demand. In intelligent interplay with sensors they mitigate the cost increases in healthcare. Health insurers also benefit because the risk of secondary and subsequent diseases is reduced.

Being fit and healthy is no longer just a trend; its a lifestyle, and the number of digital helpers is correspondingly large. There are an estimated 100,000 medical apps around the world, and demand for them is brisk. In 2015 smartphone users around the world downloaded more than three billion mHealth apps. According to a recent study by the Berlin-based market research firm research2guidance that was a 35 percent increase on the previous year, and numbers continue to increase: The Internet of Things (IoT) is increasingly penetrating the private sphere.

This trend is observable in sports as well. According to a representative survey by Germanys IT industry association Bitkom, M2M technologies are already almost as much a part of working out as jogging pants. Bitkom forecasts that smartphones are about to play a major role in medical care and to contribute toward alleviating rising healthcare costs.

Information and communication technology (ICT) solutions assist physicians, health insurers, hospitals and other medical facilities and patients. By using mobile health control devices consumers can measure, evaluate and save vital data such as blood glucose level, temperature, weight, blood pressure or pulse simply and swiftly. The advantage for physicians and patients is that both can monitor their state of health constantly and visiting a medical practice is in many cases superfluous. Health insurers in turn benefit from this because the risk of secondary diseases is reduced thanks to analysis of the data.

Measurement modules like VitaDock are simply plugged into a smartphone and vital data is measured by an app. Mobile devices thereby become digital health managers and can store all readings and evaluate them individually. The data stays on the personal device and is not passed on to third parties automatically.

During training sessions M2M solutions monitor not only vital functions. Cordless fitness trackers such as Fitbit count steps or calories burned. The devices also incorporate acceleration sensors and altimeters, so activities such as climbing stairs can be recorded precisely.

The sensors in the fitness tracker relay feedback in real time by means of M2M communication and synchronize wirelessly via a docking station connected to the PC. The computer transmits the data automatically to the users personal online profile where everyone can review their personal progress. They can also check their progress via smartphone apps while on the move.

Tags: M2M , healthcare , fitness , fitness tracker , health insurance , IoT

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Prevention & Fitness - m2m.telekom.com

OLED – Wikipedia

Posted: December 10, 2016 at 6:42 am


An organic light-emitting diode (OLED) is a light-emitting diode (LED) in which the emissive electroluminescent layer is a film of organic compound that emits light in response to an electric current. This layer of organic semiconductor is situated between two electrodes; typically, at least one of these electrodes is transparent. OLEDs are used to create digital displays in devices such as television screens, computer monitors, portable systems such as mobile phones, handheld game consoles and PDAs. A major area of research is the development of white OLED devices for use in solid-state lighting applications.[1][2][3]

There are two main families of OLED: those based on small molecules and those employing polymers. Adding mobile ions to an OLED creates a light-emitting electrochemical cell (LEC) which has a slightly different mode of operation. OLED displays can use either passive-matrix (PMOLED) or active-matrix (AMOLED) addressing schemes. Active-matrix OLEDs (AMOLED) require a thin-film transistor backplane to switch each individual pixel on or off, but allow for higher resolution and larger display sizes.

An OLED display works without a backlight; thus, it can display deep black levels and can be thinner and lighter than a liquid crystal display (LCD). In low ambient light conditions (such as a dark room), an OLED screen can achieve a higher contrast ratio than an LCD, regardless of whether the LCD uses cold cathode fluorescent lamps or an LED backlight.

Andr Bernanose and co-workers at the Nancy-Universit in France made the first observations of electroluminescence in organic materials in the early 1950s. They applied high alternating voltages in air to materials such as acridine orange, either deposited on or dissolved in cellulose or cellophane thin films. The proposed mechanism was either direct excitation of the dye molecules or excitation of electrons.[4][5][6][7]

In 1960 Martin Pope and some of his co-workers at New York University developed ohmic dark-injecting electrode contacts to organic crystals.[8][9][10] They further described the necessary energetic requirements (work functions) for hole and electron injecting electrode contacts. These contacts are the basis of charge injection in all modern OLED devices. Pope's group also first observed direct current (DC) electroluminescence under vacuum on a single pure crystal of anthracene and on anthracene crystals doped with tetracene in 1963[11] using a small area silver electrode at 400 volts. The proposed mechanism was field-accelerated electron excitation of molecular fluorescence.

Pope's group reported in 1965[12] that in the absence of an external electric field, the electroluminescence in anthracene crystals is caused by the recombination of a thermalized electron and hole, and that the conducting level of anthracene is higher in energy than the exciton energy level. Also in 1965, W. Helfrich and W. G. Schneider of the National Research Council in Canada produced double injection recombination electroluminescence for the first time in an anthracene single crystal using hole and electron injecting electrodes,[13] the forerunner of modern double-injection devices. In the same year, Dow Chemical researchers patented a method of preparing electroluminescent cells using high-voltage (5001500 V) AC-driven (1003000Hz) electrically insulated one millimetre thin layers of a melted phosphor consisting of ground anthracene powder, tetracene, and graphite powder.[14] Their proposed mechanism involved electronic excitation at the contacts between the graphite particles and the anthracene molecules.

Roger Partridge made the first observation of electroluminescence from polymer films at the National Physical Laboratory in the United Kingdom. The device consisted of a film of poly(N-vinylcarbazole) up to 2.2 micrometers thick located between two charge injecting electrodes. The results of the project were patented in 1975[15] and published in 1983.[16][17][18][19]

Ching W. Tang and Steven Van Slyke at Eastman Kodak reported the first OLED device in 1987.[20] This device used a novel two-layer structure with separate hole transporting and electron transporting layers such that recombination and light emission occurred in the middle of the organic layer; this resulted in a reduction in operating voltage and improvements in efficiency.

Research into polymer electroluminescence culminated in 1990 with J. H. Burroughes et al. at the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge reporting a high efficiency green light-emitting polymer based device using 100nm thick films of poly(p-phenylene vinylene).[21]

Universal Display Corporation holds the majority of patents concerning the commercialization of OLEDs.[citation needed]

A typical OLED is composed of a layer of organic materials situated between two electrodes, the anode and cathode, all deposited on a substrate. The organic molecules are electrically conductive as a result of delocalization of pi electrons caused by conjugation over part or all of the molecule. These materials have conductivity levels ranging from insulators to conductors, and are therefore considered organic semiconductors. The highest occupied and lowest unoccupied molecular orbitals (HOMO and LUMO) of organic semiconductors are analogous to the valence and conduction bands of inorganic semiconductors.[22]

Originally, the most basic polymer OLEDs consisted of a single organic layer. One example was the first light-emitting device synthesised by J. H. Burroughes et al., which involved a single layer of poly(p-phenylene vinylene). However multilayer OLEDs can be fabricated with two or more layers in order to improve device efficiency. As well as conductive properties, different materials may be chosen to aid charge injection at electrodes by providing a more gradual electronic profile,[23] or block a charge from reaching the opposite electrode and being wasted.[24] Many modern OLEDs incorporate a simple bilayer structure, consisting of a conductive layer and an emissive layer. More recent developments in OLED architecture improves quantum efficiency (up to 19%) by using a graded heterojunction.[25] In the graded heterojunction architecture, the composition of hole and electron-transport materials varies continuously within the emissive layer with a dopant emitter. The graded heterojunction architecture combines the benefits of both conventional architectures by improving charge injection while simultaneously balancing charge transport within the emissive region.[26]

During operation, a voltage is applied across the OLED such that the anode is positive with respect to the cathode. Anodes are picked based upon the quality of their optical transparency, electrical conductivity, and chemical stability.[27] A current of electrons flows through the device from cathode to anode, as electrons are injected into the LUMO of the organic layer at the cathode and withdrawn from the HOMO at the anode. This latter process may also be described as the injection of electron holes into the HOMO. Electrostatic forces bring the electrons and the holes towards each other and they recombine forming an exciton, a bound state of the electron and hole. This happens closer to the emissive layer, because in organic semiconductors holes are generally more mobile than electrons. The decay of this excited state results in a relaxation of the energy levels of the electron, accompanied by emission of radiation whose frequency is in the visible region. The frequency of this radiation depends on the band gap of the material, in this case the difference in energy between the HOMO and LUMO.

As electrons and holes are fermions with half integer spin, an exciton may either be in a singlet state or a triplet state depending on how the spins of the electron and hole have been combined. Statistically three triplet excitons will be formed for each singlet exciton. Decay from triplet states (phosphorescence) is spin forbidden, increasing the timescale of the transition and limiting the internal efficiency of fluorescent devices. Phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes make use of spinorbit interactions to facilitate intersystem crossing between singlet and triplet states, thus obtaining emission from both singlet and triplet states and improving the internal efficiency.

Indium tin oxide (ITO) is commonly used as the anode material. It is transparent to visible light and has a high work function which promotes injection of holes into the HOMO level of the organic layer. A typical conductive layer may consist of PEDOT:PSS[28] as the HOMO level of this material generally lies between the workfunction of ITO and the HOMO of other commonly used polymers, reducing the energy barriers for hole injection. Metals such as barium and calcium are often used for the cathode as they have low work functions which promote injection of electrons into the LUMO of the organic layer.[29] Such metals are reactive, so they require a capping layer of aluminium to avoid degradation.

Experimental research has proven that the properties of the anode, specifically the anode/hole transport layer (HTL) interface topography plays a major role in the efficiency, performance, and lifetime of organic light emitting diodes. Imperfections in the surface of the anode decrease anode-organic film interface adhesion, increase electrical resistance, and allow for more frequent formation of non-emissive dark spots in the OLED material adversely affecting lifetime. Mechanisms to decrease anode roughness for ITO/glass substrates include the use of thin films and self-assembled monolayers. Also, alternative substrates and anode materials are being considered to increase OLED performance and lifetime. Possible examples include single crystal sapphire substrates treated with gold (Au) film anodes yielding lower work functions, operating voltages, electrical resistance values, and increasing lifetime of OLEDs.[30]

Single carrier devices are typically used to study the kinetics and charge transport mechanisms of an organic material and can be useful when trying to study energy transfer processes. As current through the device is composed of only one type of charge carrier, either electrons or holes, recombination does not occur and no light is emitted. For example, electron only devices can be obtained by replacing ITO with a lower work function metal which increases the energy barrier of hole injection. Similarly, hole only devices can be made by using a cathode made solely of aluminium, resulting in an energy barrier too large for efficient electron injection.[31][32][33]

Efficient OLEDs using small molecules were first developed by Dr. Ching W. Tang et al.[20] at Eastman Kodak. The term OLED traditionally refers specifically to this type of device, though the term SM-OLED is also in use.[22]

Molecules commonly used in OLEDs include organometallic chelates (for example Alq3, used in the organic light-emitting device reported by Tang et al.), fluorescent and phosphorescent dyes and conjugated dendrimers. A number of materials are used for their charge transport properties, for example triphenylamine and derivatives are commonly used as materials for hole transport layers.[34] Fluorescent dyes can be chosen to obtain light emission at different wavelengths, and compounds such as perylene, rubrene and quinacridone derivatives are often used.[35] Alq3 has been used as a green emitter, electron transport material and as a host for yellow and red emitting dyes.

The production of small molecule devices and displays usually involves thermal evaporation in a vacuum. This makes the production process more expensive and of limited use for large-area devices, than other processing techniques. However, contrary to polymer-based devices, the vacuum deposition process enables the formation of well controlled, homogeneous films, and the construction of very complex multi-layer structures. This high flexibility in layer design, enabling distinct charge transport and charge blocking layers to be formed, is the main reason for the high efficiencies of the small molecule OLEDs.

Coherent emission from a laser dye-doped tandem SM-OLED device, excited in the pulsed regime, has been demonstrated.[36] The emission is nearly diffraction limited with a spectral width similar to that of broadband dye lasers.[37]

Researchers report luminescence from a single polymer molecule, representing the smallest possible organic light-emitting diode (OLED) device.[38] Scientists will be able to optimize substances to produce more powerful light emissions. Finally, this work is a first step towards making molecule-sized components that combine electronic and optical properties. Similar components could form the basis of a molecular computer.[39]

Polymer light-emitting diodes (PLED), also light-emitting polymers (LEP), involve an electroluminescent conductive polymer that emits light when connected to an external voltage. They are used as a thin film for full-spectrum colour displays. Polymer OLEDs are quite efficient and require a relatively small amount of power for the amount of light produced.

Vacuum deposition is not a suitable method for forming thin films of polymers. However, polymers can be processed in solution, and spin coating is a common method of depositing thin polymer films. This method is more suited to forming large-area films than thermal evaporation. No vacuum is required, and the emissive materials can also be applied on the substrate by a technique derived from commercial inkjet printing.[40][41] However, as the application of subsequent layers tends to dissolve those already present, formation of multilayer structures is difficult with these methods. The metal cathode may still need to be deposited by thermal evaporation in vacuum. An alternative method to vacuum deposition is to deposit a Langmuir-Blodgett film.

Typical polymers used in pleaded displays include derivatives of poly(p-phenylene vinylene) and polyfluorene. Substitution of side chains onto the polymer backbone may determine the colour of emitted light[42] or the stability and solubility of the polymer for performance and ease of processing.[43]

While unsubstituted poly(p-phenylene vinylene) (PPV) is typically insoluble, a number of PPVs and related poly(naphthalene vinylene)s (PNVs) that are soluble in organic solvents or water have been prepared via ring opening metathesis polymerization.[44][45][46] These water-soluble polymers or conjugated poly electrolytes (CPEs) also can be used as hole injection layers alone or in combination with nanoparticles like graphene.[47]

Phosphorescent organic light emitting diodes use the principle of electrophosphorescence to convert electrical energy in an OLED into light in a highly efficient manner,[49][50] with the internal quantum efficiencies of such devices approaching 100%.[51]

Typically, a polymer such as poly(N-vinylcarbazole) is used as a host material to which an organometallic complex is added as a dopant. Iridium complexes[50] such as Ir(mppy)3[48] are currently the focus of research, although complexes based on other heavy metals such as platinum[49] have also been used.

The heavy metal atom at the centre of these complexes exhibits strong spin-orbit coupling, facilitating intersystem crossing between singlet and triplet states. By using these phosphorescent materials, both singlet and triplet excitons will be able to decay radiatively, hence improving the internal quantum efficiency of the device compared to a standard pleaded where only the singlet states will contribute to emission of light.

Applications of OLEDs in solid state lighting require the achievement of high brightness with good CIE coordinates (for white emission). The use of macromolecular species like polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes (POSS) in conjunction with the use of phosphorescent species such as Ir for printed OLEDs have exhibited brightnesses as high as 10,000cd/m2.[52]

Patternable organic light-emitting devices use a light or heat activated electroactive layer. A latent material (PEDOT-TMA) is included in this layer that, upon activation, becomes highly efficient as a hole injection layer. Using this process, light-emitting devices with arbitrary patterns can be prepared.[56]

Colour patterning can be accomplished by means of laser, such as radiation-induced sublimation transfer (RIST).[57]

Organic vapour jet printing (OVJP) uses an inert carrier gas, such as argon or nitrogen, to transport evaporated organic molecules (as in organic vapour phase deposition). The gas is expelled through a micrometre-sized nozzle or nozzle array close to the substrate as it is being translated. This allows printing arbitrary multilayer patterns without the use of solvents.

Conventional OLED displays are formed by vapor thermal evaporation (VTE) and are patterned by shadow-mask. A mechanical mask has openings allowing the vapor to pass only on the desired location.

Like ink jet material depositioning, inkjet etching (IJE) deposits precise amounts of solvent onto a substrate designed to selectively dissolve the substrate material and induce a structure or pattern. Inkjet etching of polymer layers in OLED's can be used to increase the overall out-coupling efficiency. In OLEDs, light produced from the emissive layers of the OLED is partially transmitted out of the device and partially trapped inside the device by total internal reflection (TIR). This trapped light is wave-guided along the interior of the device until it reaches an edge where it is dissipated by either absorption or emission. Inkjet etching can be used to selectively alter the polymeric layers of OLED structures to decrease overall TIR and increase out-coupling efficiency of the OLED. Compared to a non-etched polymer layer, the structured polymer layer in the OLED structure from the IJE process helps to decrease the TIR of the OLED device. IJE solvents are commonly organic instead of water based due to their non-acidic nature and ability to effectively dissolve materials at temperatures under the boiling point of water.[58]

For a high resolution display like a TV, a TFT backplane is necessary to drive the pixels correctly. Currently, low temperature polycrystalline silicon (LTPS) thin-film transistor (TFT) is used for commercial AMOLED displays. LTPS-TFT has variation of the performance in a display, so various compensation circuits have been reported.[59] Due to the size limitation of the excimer laser used for LTPS, the AMOLED size was limited. To cope with the hurdle related to the panel size, amorphous-silicon/microcrystalline-silicon backplanes have been reported with large display prototype demonstrations.[60]

Transfer-printing is an emerging technology to assemble large numbers of parallel OLED and AMOLED devices efficiently. It takes advantage of standard metal deposition, photolithography, and etching to create alignment marks commonly on glass or other device substrates. Thin polymer adhesive layers are applied to enhance resistance to particles and surface defects. Microscale ICs are transfer-printed onto the adhesive surface and then baked to fully cure adhesive layers. An additional photosensitive polymer layer is applied to the substrate to account for the topography caused by the printed ICs, reintroducing a flat surface. Photolithography and etching removes some polymer layers to uncover conductive pads on the ICs. Afterwards, the anode layer is applied to the device backplane to form bottom electrode. OLED layers are applied to the anode layer with conventional vapor deposition, and covered with a conductive metal electrode layer. As of 2011[update] transfer-printing was capable to print onto target substrates up to 500mm X 400mm. This size limit needs to expand for transfer-printing to become a common process for the fabrication of large OLED/AMOLED displays.[61]

The different manufacturing process of OLEDs lends itself to several advantages over flat panel displays made with LCD technology.

OLED technology is used in commercial applications such as displays for mobile phones and portable digital media players, car radios and digital cameras among others. Such portable applications favor the high light output of OLEDs for readability in sunlight and their low power drain. Portable displays are also used intermittently, so the lower lifespan of organic displays is less of an issue. Prototypes have been made of flexible and rollable displays which use OLEDs' unique characteristics. Applications in flexible signs and lighting are also being developed.[85]Philips Lighting have made OLED lighting samples under the brand name "Lumiblade" available online[86] and Novaled AG based in Dresden, Germany, introduced a line of OLED desk lamps called "Victory" in September, 2011.[87]

OLEDs have been used in most Motorola and Samsung color cell phones, as well as some HTC, LG and Sony Ericsson models.[88]Nokia has also introduced some OLED products including the N85 and the N86 8MP, both of which feature an AMOLED display. OLED technology can also be found in digital media players such as the Creative ZEN V, the iriver clix, the Zune HD and the Sony Walkman X Series.

The Google and HTC Nexus One smartphone includes an AMOLED screen, as does HTC's own Desire and Legend phones. However, due to supply shortages of the Samsung-produced displays, certain HTC models will use Sony's SLCD displays in the future,[89] while the Google and Samsung Nexus S smartphone will use "Super Clear LCD" instead in some countries.[90]

OLED displays were used in watches made by Fossil (JR-9465) and Diesel (DZ-7086).

Other manufacturers of OLED panels include Anwell Technologies Limited (Hong Kong),[91]AU Optronics (Taiwan),[92]Chimei Innolux Corporation (Taiwan),[93]LG (Korea),[94] and others.[95]

In 2009, Shearwater Research introduced the Predator as the first color OLED diving computer available with a user replaceable battery.[96][97]

DuPont stated in a press release in May 2010 that they can produce a 50-inch OLED TV in two minutes with a new printing technology. If this can be scaled up in terms of manufacturing, then the total cost of OLED TVs would be greatly reduced. DuPont also states that OLED TVs made with this less expensive technology can last up to 15 years if left on for a normal eight-hour day.[98][99]

The use of OLEDs may be subject to patents held by Universal Display Corporation, Eastman Kodak, DuPont, General Electric, Royal Philips Electronics, numerous universities and others.[100] There are by now thousands of patents associated with OLEDs, both from larger corporations and smaller technology companies.[22]

RIM, the maker of BlackBerry smartphones, uses OLED displays in their BlackBerry 10 devices.

A technical writer at the Sydney Herald thinks foldable OLED smartphones could be as much as a decade away because of the cost of producing them. There is a relatively high failure rate when producing these screens. As little as a speck of dust can ruin a screen during production. Creating a battery that can be folded is another hurdle.[101] However, Samsung has accelerated its plans to release a foldable display by the end of 2015[102]

Textiles incorporating OLEDs are an innovation in the fashion world and pose for a way to integrate lighting to bring inert objects to a whole new level of fashion. The hope is to combine the comfort and low cost properties of textile with the OLEDs properties of illumination and low energy consumption. Although this scenario of illuminated clothing is highly plausible, challenges are still a road block. Some issues include: the lifetime of the OLED, rigidness of flexible foil substrates, and the lack of research in making more fabric like photonic textiles.[103]

By 2004 Samsung, South Korea's largest conglomerate, was the world's largest OLED manufacturer, producing 40% of the OLED displays made in the world,[104] and as of 2010 has a 98% share of the global AMOLED market.[105] The company is leading the world of OLED industry, generating $100.2 million out of the total $475 million revenues in the global OLED market in 2006.[106] As of 2006, it held more than 600 American patents and more than 2800 international patents, making it the largest owner of AMOLED technology patents.[106]

Samsung SDI announced in 2005 the world's largest OLED TV at the time, at 21 inches (53cm).[107] This OLED featured the highest resolution at the time, of 6.22 million pixels. In addition, the company adopted active matrix based technology for its low power consumption and high-resolution qualities. This was exceeded in January 2008, when Samsung showcased the world's largest and thinnest OLED TV at the time, at 31inches (78cm) and 4.3mm.[108]

In May 2008, Samsung unveiled an ultra-thin 12.1inch (30cm) laptop OLED display concept, with a 1,280768 resolution with infinite contrast ratio.[109] According to Woo Jong Lee, Vice President of the Mobile Display Marketing Team at Samsung SDI, the company expected OLED displays to be used in notebook PCs as soon as 2010.[110]

In October 2008, Samsung showcased the world's thinnest OLED display, also the first to be "flappable" and bendable.[111] It measures just 0.05mm (thinner than paper), yet a Samsung staff member said that it is "technically possible to make the panel thinner".[111] To achieve this thickness, Samsung etched an OLED panel that uses a normal glass substrate. The drive circuit was formed by low-temperature polysilicon TFTs. Also, low-molecular organic EL materials were employed. The pixel count of the display is 480 272. The contrast ratio is 100,000:1, and the luminance is 200cd/m2. The colour reproduction range is 100% of the NTSC standard.

In the same month, Samsung unveiled what was then the world's largest OLED Television at 40-inch with a Full HD resolution of 1920 1080 pixels.[112] In the FPD International, Samsung stated that its 40-inch OLED Panel is the largest size currently possible. The panel has a contrast ratio of 1,000,000:1, a colour gamut of 107% NTSC, and a luminance of 200cd/m2 (peak luminance of 600cd/m2).

At the Consumer Electronics Show (CES) in January 2010, Samsung demonstrated a laptop computer with a large, transparent OLED display featuring up to 40% transparency[113] and an animated OLED display in a photo ID card.[114]

Samsung's latest AMOLED smartphones use their Super AMOLED trademark, with the Samsung Wave S8500 and Samsung i9000 Galaxy S being launched in June 2010. In January 2011 Samsung announced their Super AMOLED Plus displays, which offer several advances over the older Super AMOLED displays: real stripe matrix (50% more sub pixels), thinner form factor, brighter image and an 18% reduction in energy consumption.[115]

At CES 2012, Samsung introduced the first 55" TV screen that uses Super OLED technology.[116]

On January 8, 2013, at CES Samsung unveiled a unique curved 4K Ultra S9 OLED television, which they state provides an "IMAX-like experience" for viewers.[117]

On August 13, 2013, Samsung announced availability of a 55-inch curved OLED TV (model KN55S9C) in the US at a price point of $8999.99.[118]

On September 6, 2013, Samsung launched its 55-inch curved OLED TV (model KE55S9C) in the United Kingdom with John Lewis.[119]

Samsung introduced the Galaxy Round smartphone in the Korean market in October 2013. The device features a 1080p screen, measuring 5.7 inches (14cm), that curves on the vertical axis in a rounded case. The corporation has promoted the following advantages: A new feature called "Round Interaction" that allows users to look at information by tilting the handset on a flat surface with the screen off, and the feel of one continuous transition when the user switches between home screens.[120]

The Sony CLI PEG-VZ90 was released in 2004, being the first PDA to feature an OLED screen.[122] Other Sony products to feature OLED screens include the MZ-RH1 portable minidisc recorder, released in 2006[123] and the Walkman X Series.[124]

At the 2007 Las Vegas Consumer Electronics Show (CES), Sony showcased 11-inch (28cm, resolution 960540) and 27-inch (68.5cm), full HD resolution at 1920 1080 OLED TV models.[125] Both claimed 1,000,000:1 contrast ratios and total thicknesses (including bezels) of 5mm. In April 2007, Sony announced it would manufacture 1000 11-inch (28cm) OLED TVs per month for market testing purposes.[126] On October 1, 2007, Sony announced that the 11-inch (28cm) model, now called the XEL-1, would be released commercially;[121] the XEL-1 was first released in Japan in December 2007.[127]

In May 2007, Sony publicly unveiled a video of a 2.5-inch flexible OLED screen which is only 0.3 millimeters thick.[128] At the Display 2008 exhibition, Sony demonstrated a 0.2mm thick 3.5inch (9cm) display with a resolution of 320200 pixels and a 0.3mm thick 11inch (28cm) display with 960540 pixels resolution, one-tenth the thickness of the XEL-1.[129][130]

In July 2008, a Japanese government body said it would fund a joint project of leading firms, which is to develop a key technology to produce large, energy-saving organic displays. The project involves one laboratory and 10 companies including Sony Corp. NEDO said the project was aimed at developing a core technology to mass-produce 40inch or larger OLED displays in the late 2010s.[131]

In October 2008, Sony published results of research it carried out with the Max Planck Institute over the possibility of mass-market bending displays, which could replace rigid LCDs and plasma screens. Eventually, bendable, see-through displays could be stacked to produce 3D images with much greater contrast ratios and viewing angles than existing products.[132]

Sony exhibited a 24.5" (62cm) prototype OLED 3D television during the Consumer Electronics Show in January 2010.[133]

In January 2011, Sony announced the PlayStation Vita handheld game console (the successor to the PSP) will feature a 5-inch OLED screen.[134]

On February 17, 2011, Sony announced its 25" (63.5cm) OLED Professional Reference Monitor aimed at the Cinema and high end Drama Post Production market.[135]

On June 25, 2012, Sony and Panasonic announced a joint venture for creating low cost mass production OLED televisions by 2013.[136]

As of 2010, LG Electronics produced one model of OLED television, the 15inch 15EL9500[137] and had announced a 31" (78cm) OLED 3D television for March 2011.[138] On December 26, 2011, LG officially announced the "world's largest 55" OLED panel" and featured it at CES 2012.[139] In late 2012, LG announces the launch of the 55EM9600 OLED television in Australia.[140]

In January 2015, LG Display signed a long term agreement with Universal Display Corporation for the supply of OLED materials and the right to use their patented OLED emitters.[141]

Lumiotec is the first company in the world developing and selling, since January 2011, mass-produced OLED lighting panels with such brightness and long lifetime. Lumiotec is a joint venture of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, ROHM, Toppan Printing, and Mitsui & Co. On June 1, 2011, Mitsubishi installed a 6-meter OLED 'sphere' in Tokyo's Science Museum.[142]

On January 6, 2011, Los Angeles based technology company Recom Group introduced the first small screen consumer application of the OLED at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. This was a 2.8" (7cm) OLED display being used as a wearable video name tag.[143] At the Consumer Electronics Show in 2012, Recom Group introduced the world's first video mic flag incorporating three 2.8" (7cm) OLED displays on a standard broadcaster's mic flag. The video mic flag allowed video content and advertising to be shown on a broadcasters standard mic flag.[144]

BMW plans to use OLEDs in tail lights and interior lights in their future cars; however, OLEDs are currently too dim to be used for brake lights, headlights and indicators.[145]

Research by Andre De-Guerin suggests that some newer panels now use screen printed chips connected with a continuous backplane to get around the need for a single monolithic and fragile silicon TFT. This approach is known to be used by Samsung on some of their newer phones notably the S6, Note 4 and others. It is believed that the self-assembly method used avoids the need to destroy bad backplanes as they can be pre-sorted at the manufacturing stage and the bad ICs replaced by micro-manipulators or other methods; where this is not possible the bad area can be cut off and the backplane area thus salvaged recycled for smaller displays such as on smart watches.

In 2014, Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation (MCC), a subsidiary of the Mitsubishi Chemical Holdings developed an organic light-emitting diode (OLED) panel with a life of 30,000 hours, twice that of conventional OLED panels.[146]

The search for efficient OLED materials has been extensively supported by simulation methods. By now it is possible to calculate important properties completely computationally, independent of experimental input.[147][148] This allows cost-efficient pre-screening of materials, prior to expensive synthesis and experimental characterisation.

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Posted: December 8, 2016 at 6:40 am


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Best Natural Anti Aging Supplements & Antioxidant Vitamins …

Posted: December 2, 2016 at 4:42 am


Why we age and how can we postpone the signs and symptoms of aging?

Age is change in our cells over time. What would happen if our bodies stayed as when we were 25 years old and our chronological age increased?

We age because of:

1) DNA Damage:

DNA Damage is number one cause of cancer. DNA repair mechanisms reduce as we age, resulting in an accumulation of damaged DNA throughout the body. Age-related Macular Degeneration is the best example of DNA damage.

2) Oxidation or endogenous Rusting. We rust as we age. We therefore need strong ANTIOXIDANTS.

3) Glycation or Baking

Sugar and proteins bake in our body overtime (Protein Cross-links), causing Wrinkling, Alzheimers and the formation of Brown Spots on the Skin and the Brain.

4) Inflammaging

NF-kB (Nuclear Factor- kappa B) works like a switch to turn on Inflammation in every cell. NF-kB's expression increases as we age causing Pain, Arthritis, Dry Skin and Dry Bones.

5) Sexual Function and loss of sexual power, drive and desire.

6) Menopause is not a phase, it is the rest of our lives .

We all have choices in life.

We all make the best educational choices when it comes to our health.

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With 40 years of experience in Pharmaceutical and Clinical Laboratory Diagnostic and Research Dr. Shoreh Ershadi Pharm.D., Ph.D., and Board Certified with the American Academy of Antiaging Medicine has formulated the highest quality natural nutritional ingredients for Menopause, for women over 40, Sexual Health for both Men and Women by increasing Nitric Oxide to improve Cardiovascular Circulation, Respiration, Cell Proliferation, Peripheral and Central Nervous Systems, Memory and Immuno-endocrine responses.

Leaky Gut Syndrome, Weight Gain, Weight Loss, Sleep Disturbances, Stress Relief, Happiness, Bone Health, Prevention and Postponing the Degenerative Diseases of aging have been on the priority list at the ANTIAGING Institute products.

The ANTIAGING Institute Vitamins, Supplements and Antioxidants effectively enhance the metabolism of each and every cell in our body and prevent the destructive enzymes and mutations of our DNAs.

Enhancing the health and the length of the Telomeres with increasing the Mitochondrial Oxygen Content with Coenzyme Q10 has been our Target since the year 2000 when the ANTIAGING Institute was established.

Inner Health and Outer Beauty has been our slogan through 15 years of educational Seminars, Radio and TV programs.

The ANTIAGING Institute miraculous Skin Care products testify the results on the faces of thousands of our beautiful clients.

Grow Young Responsibly with the help of the

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Welcome to the ANTIAGING Institute of California: AAIC is an expert in anti aging supplements, vitamins, and products, all of which help our clients live longer, healthier lives. Along with our top of the line products, we supply you with a team of health specialists which are always available to answer any questions you may have. Sign up for our newsletter and receive new and cutting edge information on health,nutrition, and anti aging news. Our anti aging vitamins, supplements, and products are used all over the world, renowned for their quality. Contact us now and we'll help you with your anti aging needs for living a longer and healthier life!

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Nutrigenomics

1 DNA

DNADNAAMDDNA

DNA

2

3

CoQ10

4

CoQ10 PlusCoQ10 Plus

CoQ10 PlusCECoQ10

5

NF-kB (Nuclear Factor- kappa B)NF-kBNF-kBBIOCURCU

AAIC

Mitomaxx,

...

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Best Natural Anti Aging Supplements & Antioxidant Vitamins ...

Anti-aging skin care tips – kiehls.com

Posted: at 4:41 am


Cleanse & Tone: the first steps to healthy skin CLEANSER

What to look for: The ideal cleanser gently yet thoroughly lifts away dirt, makeup and excess oil, leaving skin purified and primed to receive the benefits of the treatment and moisturizer to follow.

Usage tip: For best results, we advise cleansing with lukewarm water, washing face over a basin rather than in the shower. Clean hands before washing face, and move clean fingertips in an upward circular motion to apply the facial cleanser. A facial washcloth or brush is not necessary unless desired (and should only be used if made of extremely gentle material).

What to look for: All skin types benefit from using toners! Wellformulated toners help to reduce inflammation of the skin, add waterbinding agents and natural lightweight moisturizing ingredients to the skin, and help remove those last traces of makeup from its surface. They can also provide some antioxidant and antiirritant protection.

Usage tip: For best results, use 100% cotton to apply a toner, gently sweeping it across freshly cleansed skin. Kiehls toners are highly concentrated, so it is not necessary to saturate the cotton a little bit goes a long way.

Dehydration is when the skin is lacking water. It is not the same thing as dryness, which means that the skin is not producing enough oil. Perform this simple athome test to determine if your skin is hydrated.

If the answer is "yes" to these simple tests, then the skin is probably dehydrated. Other visible symptoms of dehydrated skin are flakiness and a dull complexion.

Aging of the skin is both intrinsic (mostly related to genetics and the everticking chronological clock) and extrinsic (more preventable and reversible caused by factors such as UV exposure, pollution, and stress). Aging results in fine lines and wrinkles due to a loss of elastin and collagen, leading to poor elasticity, brown spots and dull, dehydrated skin. Wrinkles become most noticeable around the eyes, as "marionette lines" extending from the mouth to the chin, on the forehead and between the brows.

Eye area skin is more sensitive than skin on the rest of the face. To avoid irritation, it is best to use products that are specifically formulated for the skin in this delicate region. However, this is the area where we tend to show age first so you want to choose products here that are highly active and effective, yet gentle.

In the morning, I suggest layering the PowerfulStrength LineReducing Concentrate beneath your daily moisturizer. Also, if puffiness is someones main concern then the Eye Alert (with Cucumber and Caffeine) or the Creamy Eye Treatment with Avocado (with Avocado Oil and Shea Butter) can be used as needed.

It is never too early to start with daily sun protection. In your twenties and thirties, whether there are brown spots or not, I advise all of my patients to begin to use antioxidantbased serums, night creams and sunscreen to prevent brown spots and other early signs of photo aging. It is still key to stress sun protection, but other environmental factors increasingly come into playstress, tobacco, pollution and we need products that can help prevent DNA damage from the effects of free radicals within the skin. Good options include antioxidant rich moisturizers and cleansers, such as the Abyssine line from Kiehls a line that pairs antioxidants with Abyssine, a survival molecule that helps the skin to adapt to environmental damage. PhotoAge HighPotency Spot Treatment from the Kiehls Dermatologist Solutions collection will also help to reduce and diminish sun spots after continual usage.

Sunscreen is the most essential component of any antiaging skin care regimen. Proper sun protection fights up to 90% of skin aging, including lines and wrinkles, uneven texture and tone, and breakdown of collagen and elastin. It is also your primary defense against developing unwanted brown spots.

Sunscreens should offer both UVB and UVA protection in order to be truly effective, so look for "broadspectrum" protection. Also look for oilfree, noncomedogenic formulas to avoid clogging facial pores.

First and most importantly, you should apply sunscreen every day as part of your antiwrinkle, antiaging skin care regimen. After you cleanse, tone and moisturize, apply a broadspectrum sunscreen liberally to dry skin 1530 minutes before sun exposure. Dont skimp use a tablespoon of sunscreen to cover the face and neck, and use about one ounce (a full shot glass) to cover the entire body. Be sure to cover the hairline. Additional serums and/or makeup can be applied on top of your sunscreen.

Reapply your sunscreen if youre outside more than three to four hours, or after swimming or sweating. In addition to the daily use of an appropriate sunscreen, efforts should be made to wear sun protective clothing when outdoors and limit extended sun exposure during peak midday hours when UV rays are most intense.

Everyone is at risk of sun damage. Just because your skin does not burn does not mean that you do not need sunscreen. Any alteration in the color of the skin, including a suntan, indicates that damage has already occurred. Do not be fooled by cloudy skies. Although sun exposure is reduced on a cloudy day (especially if it is a rainy day), clouds block only as much as 20% of UV radiation.

Powerful Strength Line-Reducing Concentrate with 10.5% pure Vitamin C is Clinically-Demonstrated to be as potent as Retinol without the sensitivity. It is a powerhouse formula that improves the skin's overall appearance and health and addresses the visible signs of skin aging. It benefits skin in three ways:

After cleansing the skin, apply Powerful Strength Line-Reducing Concentrate over the entire face twice daily (avoiding the eye area). It can be used alone or layered under your usual moisturizer.

Midnight Recovery Concentrate is a 99.8% natural blend of nourishing oils including Squalane, night blooming Evening Primrose and eight essential oils which work with skin's natural nocturnal activity to reestablish a fresher, more toned and radiant appearance by morning. It is a silky, lightweight formula with a readily-absorbed texture. The key benefits include:

After cleansing the skin in the evening, apply 2 - 3 drops of Midnight Recovery Concentrate. It can be used alone or layered over Powerful Strength Line-Reducing Concentrate for optimal anti-aging results. If additional hydration is desired, a moisturizer can be applied on top of Midnight Recovery Concentrate.

Super Fluid UV Defense SPF 50+ is a lightweight, daily facial fluid that provides skin with UVA and UVB broad-spectrum protection. This oil and fragrance-free formula glides on smoothly and evenly for a weightless, matte finish. Key formula benefits include:

Super Fluid UV Defense 50+ should be layered on top of any other treatment or moisturizer as the last step before any makeup application. Apply liberally and cover all exposed areas, including the face, neck and decollete.

Leading dermatologists have long recommended the daily use of sun protection as the most important method of protecting the skin against the damaging effects of UVA and UVB rays, thereby "slowing down" the visible signs of skin aging. In fact, according to the Skin Cancer Foundation, 90% of skin aging can be prevented with daily sunscreen use.

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Anti-aging skin care tips - kiehls.com

Aesthetic Medicine & Anti-Aging Clinic | Baton Rouge, Lafayette

Posted: at 4:41 am


FACIALS, HAIR REMOVAL AND MICRODERMABRASION IN BATON ROUGE AND LAFAYETTE, LA

You can achieve many of the anti-aging results you seek through non-invasive, relaxing spa treatments in Baton Rouge and Lafayette, LA, from The Aesthetic Medicine & Anti-Aging Clinics of Louisiana. Facials, peels and microdermabrasion purify the skin and accentuate your natural beauty while waxing and laser hair removal effectively eliminate unsightly hair.

We also sell many beneficial skin care products so you can maintain your vibrant, healthy appearance in the comfort of your home. Call today to learn more about our beautifying spa services, skin care products and anti-aging treatments in Baton Rouge and Lafayette, LA and schedule your free consultation.

Botox and Vaser liposuction will make you look great, but if you have a hormone imbalance, you likely wont feel as good as you look. If you are suffering from lower energy and libido, increased weight gain and other seemingly unexplainable issues, it may be due to a hormone imbalance. We specialize in hormone replacement therapy, including testosterone replacement. Call today to schedule your free consultation with a hormone replacement therapist and discover if hormone replacement therapy is the solution to the issues that affect your quality of life.

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Aesthetic Medicine & Anti-Aging Clinic | Baton Rouge, Lafayette

Anti-Aging – Elixir Industry

Posted: at 4:41 am


One quickly noted benefit of Marvlix is that it provides anti-aging, fatigue reducing effects.

Marvlix works as an antioxidant, increasing cellular formation, especially among seniors. It promotes more restful sleep, soothes the nervous system, and reduces anxiety. In Asia, Cordyceps is commonly used as an overall rejuvenator for patients recovering from serious illness.

Aging is thought to be a direct result of body's declining ability to obtain and use oxygen. Marvlix slows down the aging process by enhancing oxygen utilization and cellular oxygen uptake.

In a recent study, Dr. Guo confirmed that Cordyceps usage increases cellular levels of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the compound that consumes oxygen and releases energy in the cell. An increase in cellular ATP means a real increase in actual energy, energy that is available for use, as contrasted with the perceived increase in energy after use of central nervous system stimulants such as caffeine, ephedrine or amphetamines. A 2004 study by Dr. Zhu also showed that Cordyceps enhances oxygen utilization.

Together with EZorb, Marvlix improves immune function, rejuvenates the body, and helps ward off disease.

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Anti-Aging - Elixir Industry

How to select anti-aging skin care products | American …

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Dermatologists share their insider tips

Shopping for an anti-aging skin care product can feel like hit-or-miss experience. With so many choices, it can be difficult to know which products to choose. These dermatologists tips can help you shop with confidence.

When shopping for sunscreen, select one that offers all of the following:

An anti-aging moisturizer helps to minimize fine lines. It is so effective that moisturizer is the secret ingredient in many anti-aging products.

Using a moisturizer with sunscreen is fine. Just be sure that the product offers broad-spectrum coverage and an SPF of 30 or higher.

If you will spend time outdoors during the day, you should apply a sunscreen that offers broad-spectrum protection, SPF 30 (or higher), and water resistance. Be sure to reapply your sunscreen every two hours while outdoors.

By focusing on one concern, such as wrinkles or dark spots, youll get the best results. Look for a product that targets your concern. There are two reasons for this:

This is important because no one product works for everyone.

Read product labels and select a product that offers all of the following:

Hypoallergenic (The product can still cause an allergic reaction, but there is less risk.)

Non-comedogenic or non-acnegenic (does not cause acne)

Consumer hotline (to contact for questions)

TIP: Clinically proven means that the product was given to consumers to try. It does not mean the product underwent clinical trials and received approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Maximize the results you see Once youve selected a product, you can maximize its effectiveness by following tips that dermatologists share with their patients.

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Anti-Aging Skin Care Products – Buy Online!

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