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Is longevity determined by genetics? – Genetics Home …

Posted: March 31, 2019 at 9:44 am


The duration of human life (longevity) is influenced by genetics, the environment, and lifestyle. Environmental improvements beginning in the 1900s extended the average life span dramatically with significant improvements in the availability of food and clean water, better housing and living conditions, reduced exposure to infectious diseases, and access to medical care. Most significant were public health advances that reduced premature death by decreasing the risk of infant mortality, increasing the chances of surviving childhood, and avoiding infection and communicable disease. Now people in the United States live about 80 years on average, but some individuals survive for much longer.

Scientists are studying people in their nineties (called nonagenarians) and hundreds (called centenarians, including semi-supercentenarians of ages 105-109 years and supercentenarians, ages 110+) to determine what contributes to their long lives. They have found that long-lived individuals have little in common with one another in education, income, or profession. The similarities they do share, however, reflect their lifestylesmany are nonsmokers, are not obese, and cope well with stress. Also, most are women. Because of their healthy habits, these older adults are less likely to develop age-related chronic diseases, such as high blood pressure, heart disease, cancer, and diabetes, than their same-age peers.

The siblings and children (collectively called first-degree relatives) of long-lived individuals are more likely to remain healthy longer and to live to an older age than their peers. People with centenarian parents are less likely at age 70 to have the age-related diseases that are common among older adults. The brothers and sisters of centenarians typically have long lives, and if they develop age-related diseases (such as high blood pressure, heart disease, cancer, or type 2 diabetes), these diseases appear later than they do in the general population. Longer life spans tend to run in families, which suggests that shared genetics, lifestyle, or both play an important role in determining longevity.

The study of longevity genes is a developing science. It is estimated that about 25 percent of the variation in human life span is determined by genetics, but which genes, and how they contribute to longevity, are not well understood. A few of the common variations (called polymorphisms) associated with long life spans are found in the APOE, FOXO3, and CETP genes, but they are not found in all individuals with exceptional longevity. It is likely that variants in multiple genes, some of which are unidentified, act together to contribute to a long life.

Whole genome sequencing studies of supercentenarians have identified the same gene variants that increase disease risk in people who have average life spans. The supercentenarians, however, also have many other newly identified gene variants that possibly promote longevity. Scientists speculate that for the first seven or eight decades, lifestyle is a stronger determinant of health and life span than genetics. Eating well, not drinking too much alcohol, avoiding tobacco, and staying physically active enable some individuals to attain a healthy old age; genetics then appears to play a progressively important role in keeping individuals healthy as they age into their eighties and beyond. Many nonagenarians and centenarians are able to live independently and avoid age-related diseases until the very last years of their lives.

Some of the gene variants that contribute to a long life are involved with the basic maintenance and function of the bodys cells. These cellular functions include DNA repair, maintenance of the ends of chromosomes (regions called telomeres), and protection of cells from damage caused by unstable oxygen-containing molecules (free radicals). Other genes that are associated with blood fat (lipid) levels, inflammation, and the cardiovascular and immune systems contribute significantly to longevity because they reduce the risk of heart disease (the main cause of death in older people), stroke, and insulin resistance.

In addition to studying the very old in the United States, scientists are also studying a handful of communities in other parts of the world where people often live into their nineties and olderOkinawa (Japan), Ikaria (Greece), and Sardinia (Italy). These three regions are similar in that they are relatively isolated from the broader population in their countries, are lower income, have little industrialization, and tend to follow a traditional (non-Western) lifestyle. Unlike other populations of the very old, the centenarians on Sardinia include a significant proportion of men. Researchers are studying whether hormones, sex-specific genes, or other factors may contribute to longer lives among men as well as women on this island.

Martin GM, Bergman A, Barzilai N. Genetic determinants of human health span and life span: progress and new opportunities. PLoS Genet. 2007 Jul;3(7):e125. PubMed: 17677003. Free full-text available from PubMed Central: PMC1934400.

Sebastiani P, Gurinovich A, Bae H, Andersen S, Malovini A, Atzmon G, Villa F, Kraja AT, Ben-Avraham D, Barzilai N, Puca A, Perls TT. Four genome-wide association studies identify new extreme longevity variants. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2017 Oct 12;72(11):1453-1464. doi: 10.1093/gerona/glx027. PubMed: 28329165.

Sebastiani P, Solovieff N, Dewan AT, Walsh KM, Puca A, Hartley SW, Melista E, Andersen S, Dworkis DA, Wilk JB, Myers RH, Steinberg MH, Montano M, Baldwin CT, Hoh J, Perls TT. Genetic signatures of exceptional longevity in humans. PLoS One. 2012;7(1):e29848. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0029848. Epub 2012 Jan 18. PubMed: 22279548. Free full-text available from PubMed Central: PMC3261167.

Wei M, Brandhorst S, Shelehchi M, Mirzaei H, Cheng CW, Budniak J, Groshen S, Mack WJ, Guen E, Di Biase S, Cohen P, Morgan TE, Dorff T, Hong K, Michalsen A, Laviano A, Longo VD. Fasting-mimicking diet and markers/risk factors for aging, diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. Sci Transl Med. 2017 Feb 15;9(377). pii: eaai8700. doi: 10.1126/scitranslmed.aai8700. PubMed: 28202779.

Young RD. Validated living worldwide supercentenarians, living and recently deceased: February 2018. Rejuvenation Res. 2018 Feb 1. doi: 10.1089/rej.2018.2057. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed: 29390945.

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Is longevity determined by genetics? - Genetics Home ...

What Biology Tells Us About Gender and Longevity

Posted: at 9:44 am


(Editors note: This article is part of an editorial partnership between Next Avenue and the American Federation for Aging Research, a national nonprofit organization whose mission is to support and advance healthy aging through biomedical research.)

In the late fall of 1846, 87 California-bound pioneers found themselves stranded in the deepening snows of the Sierra Nevada mountains with little food and inept leadership, and with winter coming on fast. It would be months before rescue if at all was likely. This was the Donner Party, now infamous because they ultimately resorted to murder and cannibalism so that some of them could survive.

Although the psychological pressures that led to the cannibalism (even of children) are fascinating 173 years later, what interests me most about this well-documented catastrophe is who died and who survived. Of the 87 original members (89 if you count two native American men who joined them late and were eventually murdered), 47 members of the Donner Party survived. More than half of the men died of starvation or disease, but more than 70 percent of the women survived.

The Donner party is not an isolated case. Women always survive better than men. To take another striking case, in Iceland during the 19th century, life expectancy rose as high as 57 years during good times and plunged to as low as 18 years during famine or disease epidemics. But regardless of whether life expectancy was low or high, women lived longer than men in every single year.

That is still true today: Women live longer in all countries with reliable record keeping. They survive better as infants, adolescents, adults and in old age.

One thing we know it isnt is greater resistance to any single health problem. At similar ages, men in the U.S. are 60 percent more likely to die of heart disease, 40 percent more likely to die of cancer, more than twice as likely to die from accidents and 20 percent more likely to die of chronic lung disease. These are the top four causes of death in modern America. In fact, of the top 10 causes of death, women die more frequently of only one: Alzheimers disease.

To what is this greater female hardiness due? To tell the truth, we simply dont know. Suspicion has fallen on hormones, of course. Could it be some kind of toxic effect of testosterone? In the first year of life, boy babies do have a spike in testosterone that then goes away again until puberty, when it roars back. Interestingly, a three-century-long study in Korea found that eunuchs, or castrated men, in royal court society lived about 20 years longer than the intact men.

Today, recent research suggests that sex chromosomes affect longevity more than hormones.

Dr. Dena Dubal, of the University of California San Francisco and a three-time grantee of the American Federation for Aging Research, has explored sex differences in longevity using mice that had been genetically engineered to have male reproductive organs (and hormones), regardless of whether they had the normal male complement of one X and one Y chromosome or instead had two X chromosomes like females normally do.

Similarly, other mice in Dubals study were engineered to develop female reproductive parts whether they had the normal two X chromosomes or an X and a Y pair like normal males. The surprising result was that having two X chromosomes led to longer mouse life, regardless of whether their reproductive sex was male or female. At this point, it isnt clear whether the survival advantage is due to having two Xs or lacking the Y chromosome. In either case, this brings us closer to understanding the basis for male-female longevity differences.

Understanding sex differences and aging also has implications for the future of drug interventions to extend health as we grow older. Six drugs have been shown by multiple research labs to make mice live and stay healthy longer. Five of these drugs either have this effect only in males or have a much bigger effect in males than females. Conversely, the sixth drug, rapamycin, has a bigger effect in females.

AFAR-supported investigator Dr. Dudley Lamming, an assistant professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, for example, has studied how a gene called RICTOR may be responsible for the differential effects of the drug rapamycin in males and females. The gene is involved in many bodily functions, including growth and development, as well as diseases such as diabetes and cancer.

Inactivating RICTOR in the liver alone has no effect on female longevity, but shortens the lives of male mice. Dr. Lamming is testing whether sex hormones, such as estrogen and testosterone, affect what RICTOR does in the liver, and whether these hormones are important regulators of mouse longevity. So, the more we understand sex differences and aging, the better we can understand which of these health-extending medications might be more beneficial to men versus women, or vice versa.

From hormones to chromosomes, biological differences between men and women reveal fascinating paths to better understanding of longevity at any age.

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What Biology Tells Us About Gender and Longevity

Integrative medicine: Alternative becomes mainstream …

Posted: at 9:41 am


Integrative medicine: Alternative becomes mainstream

What's considered an alternative therapy is a moving target. Learn the lingo and get the facts.

Complementary medicine has never been more popular. Nearly 30 percent of adults report using complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Doctors are embracing CAM therapies, too, often combining them with mainstream medical therapies spawning the term "integrative medicine."

Exactly what's considered complementary medicine changes constantly as treatments undergo testing and move into the mainstream. To make sense of the many therapies available, it helps to look at how they're classified by the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH):

Examples include dietary supplements and herbal remedies. These treatments use ingredients found in nature. Examples of herbs include ginseng, ginkgo and echinacea; examples of dietary supplements include selenium, glucosamine sulfate and SAMe. Herbs and supplements can be taken as teas, oils, syrups, powders, tablets or capsules.

Mind-body techniques strengthen the communication between your mind and your body. CAM practitioners say these two systems must be in harmony for you to stay healthy. Examples of mind-body connection techniques include meditation, prayer, relaxation and art therapies.

Manipulation and body-based practices use human touch to move or manipulate a specific part of your body. They include chiropractic and osteopathic manipulation and massage.

Some CAM practitioners believe an invisible energy force flows through your body, and when this energy flow is blocked or unbalanced, you can become sick. Different traditions call this energy by different names, such as chi, prana and life force. The goal of these therapies is to unblock or re-balance your energy force. Energy therapies include qi gong, healing touch and reiki.

There are other approaches to complementary health that focus on a system, rather than just a single practice or remedy, such as massage. These systems center on a philosophy, such as the power of nature or the presence of energy in your body. Examples of these approaches include:

Many conventional doctors practicing today didn't receive training in CAM or integrative medicine, so they may not feel comfortable making recommendations or addressing questions in this area.

Doctors also have good reason to be cautious when it comes to some CAM. Conventional medicine values therapies that have been demonstrated through research and testing to be safe and effective. While scientific evidence exists for some CAM therapies, for many there are key questions that are yet to be answered.

In addition, some CAM practitioners make exaggerated claims about curing diseases, and some ask you to forgo treatment from your conventional doctor. For these reasons, many doctors are cautious about recommending these therapies.

One reason for the lack of research in alternative treatments is that large, carefully controlled medical studies are costly. Trials for conventional therapies are often funded by big companies that develop and sell drugs. Fewer resources are available to support trials of CAM therapies. That's why NCCIH was established to foster research into CAM and make the findings available to the public.

Work with your conventional medical doctor to help you make informed decisions regarding CAM treatments. Even if your doctor can't recommend a specific practitioner, he or she can help you understand possible risks and benefits before you try a treatment.

It's especially important to involve your doctor if you are pregnant, have medical problems or take prescription medicine. And don't stop or change your conventional treatment such as the dose of your prescription medications without talking to your doctor first. Finally, be sure to keep your doctor updated on any alternative therapies you're using, including herbal and dietary supplements.

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Importance of Good Nutrition | HHS.gov

Posted: March 29, 2019 at 1:42 pm


Your food choices each day affect your health how you feel today, tomorrow, and in the future.

Good nutrition is an important part of leading a healthy lifestyle. Combined with physical activity, your diet can help you to reach and maintain a healthy weight, reduce your risk of chronic diseases (like heart disease and cancer), and promote your overall health.

Unhealthy eating habits have contributed to the obesity epidemic in the United States: about one-third of U.S. adults (33.8%) are obese and approximately 17% (or 12.5 million) of children and adolescents aged 219 years are obese.1 Even for people at a healthy weight, a poor diet is associated with major health risks that can cause illness and even death. These include heart disease, hypertension (high blood pressure), type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, and certain types of cancer. By making smart food choices, you can help protect yourself from these health problems.

The risk factors for adult chronic diseases, like hypertension and type 2 diabetes, are increasingly seen in younger ages, often a result of unhealthy eating habits and increased weight gain. Dietary habits established in childhood often carry into adulthood, so teaching children how to eat healthy at a young age will help them stay healthy throughout their life.

The link between good nutrition and healthy weight, reduced chronic disease risk, and overall health is too important to ignore. By taking steps to eat healthy, you'll be on your way to getting the nutrients your body needs to stay healthy, active, and strong. As with physical activity, making small changes in your diet can go a long way, and it's easier than you think!

Now that you know the benefits, it's time to start eating healthy: start your PALA+ journey today and use these tips on ways to eating healthy and resources to earn it.

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Importance of Good Nutrition | HHS.gov

Diet (nutrition) – Wikipedia

Posted: at 1:42 pm


the sum of food consumed by an organism

In nutrition, diet is the sum of food consumed by a person or other organism.[1]The word diet often implies the use of specific intake of nutrition for health or weight-management reasons (with the two often being related). Although humans are omnivores, each culture and each person holds some food preferences or some food taboos. This may be due to personal tastes or ethical reasons. Individual dietary choices may be more or less healthy.

Complete nutrition requires ingestion and absorption of vitamins, minerals, essential amino acids from protein and essential fatty acids from fat-containing food, also food energy in the form of carbohydrate, protein, and fat. Dietary habits and choices play a significant role in the quality of life, health and longevity.

Some cultures and religions have restrictions concerning what foods are acceptable in their diet. For example, only Kosher foods are permitted by Judaism, and Halal foods by Islam. Although Buddhists are generally vegetarians, the practice varies and meat-eating may be permitted depending on the sects.[2] In Hinduism, vegetarianism is the ideal. Jains are strictly vegetarian and consumption of roots is not permitted.

Many people choose to forgo food from animal sources to varying degrees (e.g. flexitarianism, vegetarianism, veganism, fruitarianism) for health reasons, issues surrounding morality, or to reduce their personal impact on the environment, although some of the public assumptions about which diets have lower impacts are known to be incorrect.[3] Raw foodism is another contemporary trend. These diets may require tuning or supplementation such as vitamins to meet ordinary nutritional needs.

A particular diet may be chosen to seek weight loss or weight gain. Changing a subject's dietary intake, or "going on a diet", can change the energy balance and increase or decrease the amount of fat stored by the body. Some foods are specifically recommended, or even altered, for conformity to the requirements of a particular diet. These diets are often recommended in conjunction with exercise. Specific weight loss programs can be harmful to health, while others may be beneficial and can thus be coined as healthy diets. The terms "healthy diet" and "diet for weight management" are often related, as the two promote healthy weight management. Having a healthy diet is a way to prevent health problems, and will provide the body with the right balance of vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients.[4]

An eating disorder is a mental disorder that interferes with normal food consumption. It is defined by abnormal eating habits that may involve either insufficient or excessive diet.

A healthy diet may improve or maintain optimal health. In developed countries, affluence enables unconstrained caloric intake and possibly inappropriate food choices.[5]

Health agencies recommend that people maintain a normal weight by limiting consumption of energy-dense foods and sugary drinks, eating plant-based food, limiting consumption of red and processed meat, and limiting alcohol intake.[6]

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans is an evidence-based information source that policy makers and health professionals use to advise the general public about healthy nutrition.

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Nutrition – Hardee’s – YouTube

Posted: at 1:42 pm


* All ingredients contain zero grams of artificial trans fat per serving.

All food items are prepared in the same kitchen. Cross-contact may occur. ALLERGEN KEY: E=Egg, F=Fish, M=Milk, P=Peanuts, SF=Shellfish, S=Soy, T=Treenuts, W=Wheat, +=Note: Ice cream and other products used in our shakes and malts may be processed in facilities where peanuts or tree nuts are present.

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend limiting saturated fat to 20 grams and sodium to 2,300 milligrams for a typical adult eating 2,000 calories daily. Recommended limits may be higher or lower depending on daily calorie consumption.

The information contained in this guide is based on standard U.S. product formulations and discloses the 8 principal allergens identified by the FDA, and comes from reports from our suppliers or from as served testing by accredited laboratories. For complete ingredient information, refer to the Ingredients pdf on our website. Variations may occur due to a variety of factors and circumstances including, but not limited to, differences in suppliers, ingredient substitutions, recipe revisions, product assembly and seasonal variances. Product participation may vary by location and test products are not included. The information in this guide is reported for informational purposes only. We (including our franchisees, and our and their parents, subsidiaries, affiliates, suppliers and vendors) are not responsible for sensitivity or allergy to any food product or ingredient provided by or in our restaurants. We do not have an allergen free cooking environment in our kitchens. All products are prepared in the same kitchen area. Anyone with any food sensitivities, allergies, special dietary needs or specific dietary inquiries or concerns should consult a medical professional of his/her own selection regarding the suitability of our food products and/or ingredients, and should regularly review the information contained at our website for content updates. This information is current as of February 16, 2017. We update this information from time to time to reflect changes in our products. If you have any questions about our menu and/or ingredients, please contact us at: (877)799-STAR (7827).

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Nutrition - Hardee's - YouTube

Welcome to Trilogy Fitness!

Posted: March 28, 2019 at 10:44 pm


MC Square 135 RT 101A Amherst NH 603-204-5993

We Are Now on FacebookLet your friends know you "Like" us!

Pre-registration is recommended

Attention: Trilogy has moved!

We are nowlocated in

MC Square

135 Route 101A

Amherst!

We will continue to offer Personal Training, Pilates Equipment Training, Small Group Training, Spinning and Spinning / Strength Combination Classes.

COME VISIT US!

At , customer service is our highest priority. Let us help you reach your fitness goals with a plan that's tailored for you. We specialize in small group training combining individualized plans with a community of support.

Select from our menu of services and pay ala carte.

Welcome to TrilogyFitness!

Saturday Classes are Back!

Spinning 8:00 - 9:00 am

NEW CLASS CARD PRICING

FEBRUARY 1, 2018

10 HOURS OFCLASSES $130

20 HOURS OF CLASSES $220

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Welcome to Trilogy Fitness!

Fitness program: 5 steps to get started – Mayo Clinic

Posted: March 27, 2019 at 6:47 pm


Fitness program: 5 steps to get started

Are you thinking about starting a fitness program? Good for you! You're only five steps away from a healthier lifestyle.

Starting a fitness program may be one of the best things you can do for your health. Physical activity can reduce your risk of chronic disease, improve your balance and coordination, help you lose weight and even improve your sleep habits and self-esteem. And there's more good news. You can start a fitness program in only five steps.

You probably have some idea of how fit you are. But assessing and recording baseline fitness scores can give you benchmarks against which to measure your progress. To assess your aerobic and muscular fitness, flexibility, and body composition, consider recording:

It's easy to say that you'll exercise every day. But you'll need a plan. As you design your fitness program, keep these points in mind:

The Department of Health and Human Services recommends getting at least 150 minutes of moderate aerobic activity or 75 minutes of vigorous aerobic activity a week, or a combination of moderate and vigorous activity.

For example, try to get about 30 minutes of aerobic exercise on most days of the week. Also aim to incorporate strength training of all the major muscle groups into a fitness routine at least two days a week.

You'll probably start with athletic shoes. Be sure to pick shoes designed for the activity you have in mind. For example, running shoes are lighter in weight than cross-training shoes, which are more supportive.

If you're planning to invest in exercise equipment, choose something that's practical, enjoyable and easy to use. You may want to try out certain types of equipment at a fitness center before investing in your own equipment.

You might consider using fitness apps for smart devices or other activity tracking devices, such as ones that can track your distance, track calories burned or monitor your heart rate.

Now you're ready for action. As you begin your fitness program, keep these tips in mind:

Retake your personal fitness assessment six weeks after you start your program and then again every few months. You may notice that you need to increase the amount of time you exercise in order to continue improving. Or you may be pleasantly surprised to find that you're exercising just the right amount to meet your fitness goals.

If you lose motivation, set new goals or try a new activity. Exercising with a friend or taking a class at a fitness center may help, too.

Starting an exercise program is an important decision. But it doesn't have to be an overwhelming one. By planning carefully and pacing yourself, you can establish a healthy habit that lasts a lifetime.

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Fitness program: 5 steps to get started - Mayo Clinic

eFitness professional software to streamline all multi-club …

Posted: at 6:47 pm


Operating in the premium segment requires top-notch customer service, this is why we constantly promote a customer-focused culture in our business. To achieve this we invest heavily in our staff and provide them with best training and tools available on the market. One of these tools is eFitness software, which allowed us to streamline our sales process and automate mundane repetitive tasks, allowing our staff to spend more time with our clients than on their computers

Anna Bogucka, COO of Holmes Place Poland

We have been working with eFitness soon after opening our first club. So you could say that we grew with eFitness and eFitness grew with us. Now, 69 clubs later it is clear why we have chosen eFitness as our software provider. Their modern software and their continuing improvements of the HelpDesk allows us quickly solve any operational issues. eFitness has never been afraid to challenge some of our software requests and has always proposed simpler and more practical solutions, which at the end of the day provides us with a quick and responsive tool that aides us in the expansion of our business.

Joanna Skrzyska, COO of Zdrofit

The implementation of eFitness in the Czech Republic was one of the most difficult projects our operations team had to face. Without the eFitness specialists supporting our Czech team, unification of the system throughout our chain and the replacement of several independent operating systems into one would not have been successful. And this is just the beginning of cooperation. Having such a professional partner, I believe that we will soon be able to introduce all of the new eFitness solutions on the Czech market. Thank you for the professional system implementation.

Rafa Rybski, Managing Director of Fit Invest Int

eFitness is a cost-effective software solution that easily scales as a business grows. What we like the most are its reporting capabilities, which constantly supports us in our implementation of various strategic decisions.

Piotr Bochnia, Managing Director of My Fitness Place

Building and managing a growing portfolio of 149 clubs in multiple countries is a challenging task. On one hand, you want to be at the forefront of technology and at the same time you need a stable and scalable solution in place. That is why we have chosen eFitness sp. z o.o. and eFitness software to manage and operate our clubs. It gives us the tools we need for our daily operation with powerful reporting, automation and whole online ecosystem for members.

Jakub Raniszewski COO Benefit System (Fitness Branch)

What we like about eFitness is that they try to understand the challenges we are facing from the club operations perspective and then propose a solution. Thanks to this we are getting management software that helps us optimize our processes and efficiently manage our chain.

Jakub Rozwens, General Manager of Fit Fabric

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About the Center – Stanford Center on Longevity

Posted: at 6:45 pm


Life expectancy is ballooning just as science and technology are on the cusp of solving many of the practical problems of aging. What if we could not only have added years but spend them being physically fit, mentally sharp, functionally independent, and financially secure? At that point, we no longer have a story about old age. We have a story about long life.- Laura L. Carstensen, A Long Bright Future

In less than one century, life expectancy has increased by an average of 30 years in developed regions of the world. Quite suddenly, there are more people living longer in the world than ever before in human history and they are accounting for an increasingly greater percentage of the world population. Improved longevity is, at once, among the most remarkable achievements in all of human history and one of our greatest challenges. These added years can be a gift or a burden to humanity depending upon how they are used.

The mission of the Stanford Center on Longevity is to redesign long life. The Center studies the nature and development of the human life span, looking for innovative ways to use science and technology to solve the problems of people over 50 by improving the well-being of people of all ages.

Meeting these challenges includes changing our public policies as well as personal behavior. Redesigning long life means appreciating the unique challenges of aging, as well as the great value older people contribute to a society.

The Center aims to use increased life expectancy to bring about profound advances in the quality of life from early childhood to old age. To inspire change of this scale, the Center works with academic experts, business leaders and policy makers to target important challenges and opportunities for aging societies. By fostering dialogue and collaboration among these typically disconnected worlds, the Center aims to develop workable solutions to urgent issues confronting the world as the population ages.

Over 140 Stanford faculty members are Center affiliates. Their research foci include a broad range of topics, including behavioral economics and decision making, age-related changes in cognition, assistive robotics, the potential of stem cells, and technology developments that reduce cost and improve healthcare delivery.

The Center was founded by two of the worlds leading authorities on longevity and aging. Laura Carstensen PhD, is the founding director. A professor of psychology at Stanford, she has won numerous awards, including a Guggenheim Fellowship, and her research has been supported for more than 20 years by the National Institute on Aging. Thomas Rando MD, PhD, professor of neurology and neurological sciences, is deputy director. His research on aging has demonstrated that is possible to identify biochemical stimuli that can induce stem cells in old tissues to repair injuries as effectively as in young tissues. This work has broad implications for the fields of regenerative medicine and stem cell transplantation.

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About the Center - Stanford Center on Longevity

Nutrition – breastcancer.org

Posted: at 6:44 pm


Nutrition giving your body the nutrients it needs is important for everyone. When combined with exercising and maintaining a healthy weight, eating well is an excellent way to help your body stay strong and healthy.

If you're currently undergoing treatment for breast cancer or have been treated for breast cancer in the past, eating well is particularly important for you. In this section, you can read about healthy eating and what and how to eat during and after treatment.

The medical experts for Nutrition are:

Cyndi Thomson, Ph.D., R.D., assistant professor in Nutritional Sciences at the University of Arizona, with joint appointments in medicine and public health. She is a registered dietitian with more 15 years of experience in clinical nutrition. Dr. Thomson is also principal investigator at the University of Arizona College of Public Health on several diet-cancer grants.

Diana Grant Dyer, M.S., R.D., a registered dietitian with 20 years of experience, specializing in nutritional care for critically ill patients. She is the author of A Dietitian's Cancer Story: Information & Inspiration for Recovery & Healing from a 3-time Cancer Survivor (Swan Press, 2002) and is especially interested in how nutrition can influence cancer risk reduction and recovery.

Both Cyndi Thomson and Diana Grant Dyer are members of the Breastcancer.org Professional Advisory Board, which includes more than 60 medical experts in breast cancer-related fields.

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Nutrition for kids: Guidelines for a healthy diet – Mayo Clinic

Posted: at 6:44 pm


Nutrition for kids: Guidelines for a healthy diet

You want your child to eat healthy foods, but do you know which nutrients are necessary and in what amounts? Here's a quick overview.

Nutrition for kids is based on the same principles as nutrition for adults. Everyone needs the same types of nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, protein and fat. Children, however, need different amounts of specific nutrients at different ages.

So what's the best formula to fuel your child's growth and development? Check out these nutrition basics for girls and boys at various ages, based on the latest Dietary Guidelines for Americans.

Consider these nutrient-dense foods:

Aim to limit your child's calories from:

If you have questions about nutrition for kids or specific concerns about your child's diet, talk to your child's doctor or a registered dietitian.

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Nutrition During Pregnancy – ACOG

Posted: at 6:44 pm


Pregnancy

The United States Department of Agriculture has made it easier to plan meals during pregnancy by creating http://www.choosemyplate.gov. This website helps everyone from dieters and children to pregnant women learn how to make healthy food choices at each mealtime.

With MyPlate, you can get a personalized nutrition and physical activity plan by using the SuperTracker program. This program is based on five food groups and shows you the amounts that you need to eat each day from each group during each trimester of pregnancy. The amounts are calculated according to your height, prepregnancy weight, due date, and how much you exercise during the week. The amounts of food are given in standard sizes that most people are familiar with, such as cups and ounces.

Although they are not a food group, oils and fats do give you important nutrients. During pregnancy, the fats that you eat provide energy and help build many fetal organs and the placenta. Most of the fats and oils in your diet should come from plant sources. Limit solid fats, such as those from animal sources. Solid fats also can be found in processed foods.

Vitamins and minerals play important roles in all of your body functions. During pregnancy, you need more folic acid and iron than a woman who is not pregnant.

Taking a prenatal vitamin supplement can ensure that you are getting these extra amounts. A well-rounded diet should supply all of the other vitamins and minerals you need during pregnancy.

Folic acid, also known as folate, is a B vitamin that is important for pregnant women. Before pregnancy and during pregnancy, you need 400 micrograms of folic acid daily to help prevent major birth defects of the fetal brain and spine called neural tube defects. Current dietary guidelines recommend that pregnant women get at least 600 micrograms of folic acid daily from all sources. It may be hard to get the recommended amount of folic acid from food alone. For this reason, all pregnant women and all women who may become pregnant should take a daily vitamin supplement that contains folic acid.

Iron is used by your body to make a substance in red blood cells that carries oxygen to your organs and tissues. During pregnancy, you need extra ironabout double the amount that a nonpregnant woman needs. This extra iron helps your body make more blood to supply oxygen to your fetus. The daily recommended dose of iron during pregnancy is 27 mg, which is found in most prenatal vitamin supplements. You also can eat iron-rich foods, including lean red meat, poultry, fish, dried beans and peas, iron-fortified cereals, and prune juice. Iron also can be absorbed more easily if iron-rich foods are eaten with vitamin C-rich foods, such as citrus fruits and tomatoes.

Calcium is used to build your fetus's bones and teeth. All women, including pregnant women, aged 19 years and older should get 1,000 mg of calcium daily; those aged 1418 years should get 1,300 mg daily. Milk and other dairy products, such as cheese and yogurt, are the best sources of calcium. If you have trouble digesting milk products, you can get calcium from other sources, such as broccoli; dark, leafy greens; sardines; or a calcium supplement.

Vitamin D works with calcium to help the fetuss bones and teeth develop. It also is essential for healthy skin and eyesight. All women, including those who are pregnant, need 600 international units of vitamin D a day. Good sources are milk fortified with vitamin D and fatty fish such as salmon. Exposure to sunlight also converts a chemical in the skin to vitamin D.

The amount of weight gain that is recommended depends on your health and your body mass index before you were pregnant. If you were a normal weight before pregnancy, you should gain between 25 pounds and 35 pounds during pregnancy. If you were underweight before pregnancy, you should gain more weight than a woman who was a normal weight before pregnancy. If you were overweight or obese before pregnancy, you should gain less weight.

Overweight and obese women are at an increased risk of several pregnancy problems. These problems include gestational diabetes, high blood pressure, preeclampsia, preterm birth, and cesarean delivery. Babies of overweight and obese women also are at greater risk of certain problems, such as birth defects, macrosomia with possible birth injury, and childhood obesity.

Although there have been many studies on whether caffeine increases the risk of miscarriage, the results are unclear. Most experts state that consuming fewer than 200 mg of caffeine (one 12-ounce cup of coffee) a day during pregnancy is safe.

Omega-3 fatty acids are a type of fat found naturally in many kinds of fish. They may be important factors in your fetuss brain development both before and after birth. To get the most benefits from omega-3 fatty acids, women should eat at least two servings of fish or shellfish (about 812 ounces) per week before getting pregnant,while pregnant, and while breastfeeding.

Some types of fish have higher levels of a metal called mercury than others. Mercury has been linked to birth defects. To limit your exposure to mercury, follow a few simple guidelines. Choose fish and shellfish such as shrimp, salmon, catfish, and pollock. Do not eat shark, swordfish, king mackerel, marin, orange roughy, or tilefish. Limit white (albacore) tuna to 6 ounces a week. You also should check advisories about fish caught in local waters.

Food poisoning in a pregnant woman can cause serious problems for both her and her fetus. Vomiting and diarrhea can cause your body to lose too much water and can disrupt your bodys chemical balance. To prevent food poisoning, follow these general guidelines:

Listeriosis is a type of food-borne illness caused by bacteria. Pregnant women are 13 times more likely to get listeriosis than the general population. Listeriosis can cause mild, flu-like symptoms such as fever, muscle aches, and diarrhea, but it also may not cause any symptoms. Listeriosis can lead to miscarriage, stillbirth, and premature delivery. Antibiotics can be given to treat the infection and to protect your fetus. To help prevent listeriosis, avoid eating the following foods during pregnancy:

Antibiotics: Drugs that treat certain types of infections.

Body Mass Index: A number calculated from height and weight that is used to determine whether a person is underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese.

Cesarean Delivery: Delivery of a baby through surgical incisions made in the womans abdomen and uterus.

Fetus: The stage of prenatal development that starts 8 weeks after fertilization and lasts until the end of pregnancy.

Gestational Diabetes: Diabetes that arises during pregnancy.

Macrosomia: A condition in which a fetus is estimated to weigh between 9 pounds and 10 pounds.

Miscarriage: Loss of a pregnancy that occurs before 20 weeks of pregnancy.

Neural Tube Defects: Birth defects that result from incomplete development of the brain, spinal cord, or their coverings.

Nutrients: Nourishing substances supplied through food, such as vitamins and minerals.

Placenta: Tissue that provides nourishment to and takes waste away from the fetus.

Preeclampsia: A disorder that can occur during pregnancy or after childbirth in which there is high blood pressure and other signs of organ injury, such as an abnormal amount of protein in the urine, a low number of platelets, abnormal kidney or liver function, pain over the upper abdomen, fluid in the lungs, or a severe headache or changes in vision.

Preterm: Born before 37 weeks of pregnancy.

Trimester: Any of the three 3-month periods into which pregnancy is divided.

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Nutrition During Pregnancy - ACOG

Nutrition – East Tennessee State University

Posted: at 6:44 pm


Welcome to the Undergraduate Program in Dietetics!

Our mission, goals, and measurable outcomesare focused on preparing students for careers in nutrition and in meeting the healthcare needs of the region and the state by providing a cohesive, up-to-date, and comprehensiveprogram in nutrition. Program outcomes data are available on request.

This isa four-year program that culminates in a Bachelor of Science degree in Nutrition. The degreeprovides students with the foundation skills and knowledge necessary to apply for dietetic internships or graduate programs in healthcare or to become registered dietetic technicians. The undergraduate program in dietetics is fully accredited as a didactic program in dietetics (DPD) by the Accreditation Council for Education in Nutrition and Dietetics (ACEND) of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (AND), 120 South Riverside Plaza, Suite 2190, Chicago, IL 60606-6995, 800-877-1600, ext. 5400. Email: ACEND@eatright.org

Students who successfully complete the DPD program will receive an ACEND Verification Statement and are then eligible to apply for a supervised practice program (dietetic internship). Successful completion of the dietetic internship will allow students to be eligible to take the CDR credentialing exam and become registered dietitian nutritionists. Many exciting career opportunities await registered dietitian nutitionists (RDN). Students who choose not to apply for a dietetic internship also have several career options in nutrition education, sales, public health, school nutrition, or food service management, as well as the option to become a Nutrition and Dietetic Technician, Registered, which requires sitting for the registration examination.

After receipt of the verification statement, students must apply through DICAS, as well as D&D Digital Computer Matchingfor internships. Additionally, students may apply to internships with a declaration of intent.

Students who have already completed a bachelor's degree and who wish to become registered dietitians are required to complete the didactic program in dietetics (DPD) course work. Following the completion of this coursework, students receive an ACEND Verification of Completion Statement and are then eligible to apply for a supervised practice program (dietetic internship).

Undergraduate Program Student Handbook

East Tennessee State University is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges to award baccalaureate, masters, education specialist, and doctoral degrees. Contact the Commission on Colleges at 1866 Southern Lane, Decatur, Georgia 30033-4097, telephone 404-679-4500, or http://www.sacscoc.org, for questions about the accreditation of East Tennessee State University.

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Nutrition - East Tennessee State University

History of Holistic Health | Holistic Health Practitioner

Posted: at 6:43 pm


Home / A History of Holistic HealthLearn How Holistic Healths History Shaped the Practice it is Today

Holistic health practitioners have many ways of healing, but they share a common basic approach. They believe in the ancient idea that healing is most effective when you consider the whole person, rather than focusing on specific illnesses, body parts or symptoms. As Socrates said in the 4th century B.C., the part can never be well unless the whole is well.

Holistic health is a state of balance, not simply an absence of illness. Aholistic health educationteaches the interconnection of mind, body, spirit and environmentjust as it has for thousands of years.

Long before penicillin or x-rays, healers recognized the importance of emotional and spiritual well being in achieving physical health. Two of the most well documented ancient holistic health traditions areTraditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)andAyurveda.

TCM originated almost 5,000 years ago and has continued to evolve into a complex system of diagnostic and treatment methods that are still practiced today. From the very beginning, TCM viewed the human body as a small universe of interconnected systems, including physical elements as well as subtle energies, such as qi, or life force, and shen, or spirit.

There are three ancient medical traditions in holistic health:

Hippocrates, the father of medicine, who lived in the 4th century B.C., stressed the healing power of nature. He believed in encouraging the self-healing efforts of the body. Other early physicians were more interested in actively stepping in to correct illness. These two approachessupport versus interventionwere debated for centuries until the scientific revolution of the 19th century.

With the discovery of germs as a disease-causing agent, Western medicine became thoroughly focused on intervention. Diseases were treated as invaders to be destroyed with medicines such as penicillin. Physicians paid less attention to healthy lifestyle choices, environmental factors and emotional health. The emphasis was on symptoms and syndromes. Patients were discouraged from participating in their own health care and began to believe that medicine should simply fix them.

It took almost a century for the limitations of this approach to become clear. Some scientific medical cures proved more harmful than the diseases they sought to treat. Other diseases and chronic conditions failed to respond to scientific treatment.

Eventually people began to seek alternative forms of medicine. This led to a renewal of interest in holistic health education in the West. The first National Conference on Holistic Health was conducted in California in 1975. The American Holistic Health Association (AHHA) and the Holistic Medical Association were formed soon after.

We live in a time of great imbalance. There are more pollutants and chemicals in our food and environment than ever before. We face epidemic rates of obesity and chronic disease. Most people have poor diet and exercise habits. Almost everyone in our fast-paced society struggles to manage daily stress, and many are afflicted with chronic depression and anxiety.

Because of all this, consumers are concerned for their health. There has never been a greater need for the holistic health approach, and people are demanding medical alternatives and actively seeking better options for their personal wellness. This has resulted in constant research and development in the wellness industry.

Even so, very few medical doctors practice holistic health care, so professionals trained in holistic health schools are in high demand. Theseholistic health practitionersoffer healing alternatives such asmassage therapy,nutrition,chiropractic medicine,acupuncture, medication andhomeopathic medicine. While no holistic health practitioner or wellness professional can be an expert in every form of health restoration, each offers a unique toolbox of skills and knowledge to help patients achieve whole body health and balance.

Source: Share International, American Holistic Health Association

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History of Holistic Health | Holistic Health Practitioner

Orchard Holistic Medicine | Port Orchard’s Naturopathic Doctor

Posted: March 26, 2019 at 5:44 pm


Address and phone number

205 Bethel Ave.Port Orchard, WA 98366

360-602-2806

NaturopathicDoctor and Day Spa in Port OrchardOffering All Natural Primary Family Care Services, Massage

Orchard Holistic Medicine

A naturopath in Washington State is a state licensed primary care physician. A naturopath receives extensive doctoral level training in medical sciences and science based natural treatments. A naturopath's scope of practice includes botanical medicine, nutrition, counseling, pharmacology (prescription medication), physical medicine, laboratory diagnosis, diagnostic imaging, emergency medicine, minor surgery and homeopathy. Homeopathy is a type of treatment in which minute amounts of substances are used to treat a condition which is very similar to how you would feel if you were to consume large amounts of that item. For example, homeopathic coffee might be given to someone who is wound up and unable to sleep, wired and tired. Homeopathy focuses on finding you a homeopathic remedy, whereas naturopathy uses many treatments to help you achieve optimal wellness.

Orchard Holistic Medicine

Naturopath, Massage, and Spa Servicesin Kitsap County.

Appointment Hours

Monday - Friday: 9:00 - 5:00pm.

Saturday: Call for appointment

Sunday: Closed

SAME DAY APPOINTMENTS AVAILABLE FOR ACUTE CARE.

Preferred provider for: Regence, Premera, Blue Cross, Aetna, Healthways, Cigna, Bridgespan and several others.

Full Medical Care Naturopathy, Massage, Acupuncture, Esthetics and Spa Servicesin Kitsap County. Currently serving patients in Gig Harbor, West Seattle, Port Orchard, Seabeck, Mason County, Key Peninsula, Poulsbo, Bremerton, Silverdale, and Port Angeles.

At Orchard Holistic Medicine we specialize in designing specific programs, that combine the best of traditional European spa therapy, with the latest scientific advancements in holistically oriented evaluations and treatments, including health risk and body function assessments - tests that determine organ function, both individually and from a systems context. This method is very effective in understanding and resolving nutritional, metabolic and hormone related disorders as well as disorders of digestion and elimination, which commonly show signs and symptoms in the other eliminative pathways, such as the skin, urinary and respiratory tracts.Our health recovery programs are effective in resolving the negative impact of stress, bad diet, blood sugar dysregulation and inflammatory (fibromyalgia, allergies, arthritis) and immune disorders (chronic and acute viral, bacterial, fungal and parasitic infections).Providing effective metabolic cleansing programs to help patients remove a specific toxin, like mercury, or to reduce their overall toxin burden.Applying injury recovery services to those patients who become injured in an auto or sports related accident, or develop back or joint pain for any reason. We provide comprehensive neck and back recovery services using naturopathic physical therapies, tissue recovery nutrients and safe and effective natural anti-inflammatory support.Most importantly, providing you and your family with the finest in Naturopathic Primary Care Services. We have the ability to effectively treat acute and chronic health concerns with natural therapies and, when necessary, in conjunction with other health care providers. In addition to the variety of therapeutic choices, the doctor will provide complete physical examinations and laboratory services for people of all ages. Dr. Ayers wants Orchard Holistic Medicine to be your first choice when needing the service of primary care physician.

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Orchard Holistic Medicine | Port Orchard's Naturopathic Doctor

Howard Y. Lee and The Light of Life(R)

Posted: at 5:42 pm


Paragonate la preoccupazione mentale ad una trottola. Come potrete notare, mentre una trottola gira velocemente su se stessa, facile spostarla. Basta toccarla lievemente affinch; perda il controllo o parta per la tangente. Lo stesso vale per il cervello: dialogando incessantemente, gira su se stesso come una trottola ed facilmente deviato e influenzato.

La quiete mentale di grande importanza anche per lo spirito. Si potrebbe infatti dire che il silenzio il cibo dello spirito. Se il corpo fisico necessita di cibo e di cure, e il corpo emozionale necessita del conforto e dellappoggio di amici e cari, lo spirito ha bisogno di solitudine e di silenzio. interessante notare che, per molte persone, le esperienze spirituali, siano esse casuali o volute, si manifestano proprio in periodi di quiete, meditazione o preghiera.

Per raggiungere il silenzio interiore, utile essere consapevoli di un paio di cose. Innanzi tutto, siamo stati, a livello conscio o inconscio, efficacemente programmati per rimanere coinvolti nella ruota del dialogo interno. Non siamo cosi dalla nascita, ma veniamo abilmente addestrati e condizionati via a via che impariamo ad usare la mente razionale. Spesso, la nostra formazione difettosa e fuorviata e ce ne rendiamo conto solo da grandi, quando, sentendoci meno in controllo, avvertiamo il bisogno di ricorrere a un rimedio.

In secondo luogo, la maggior parte delle persone non si rende conto della necessit di quietare il dialogo interno, in quanto, per la societ di oggi, pensare molto un vanto, sinonimo di essere sempre in gamba, zelanti ed in controllo. Queste, come molte altre abitudini culturali, ci portano ad avere un comportamento in realt inutile. La verit, per di pi, nellesatto contrario: eliminando la distrazione mentale si guadagna potere personale.

Inoltre, la forza dimpatto di questabitudine distruttiva per la salute, sia essa fisica, emozionale o spirituale. Il dialogo interno prosciuga la nostra forza vitale. importante distinguere, lenergia fisica che prendiamo quotidianamente dal cibo, dalla nostra forza vitale che sostiene il corpo e lanima.

Una mente che dialoga ininterrottamente come un rubinetto che perde e che, goccia dopo goccia, dalla mattina alla sera, riempie una vasca dacqua. E questo accade giorno dopo giorno, ventiquattro ore su ventiquattro, ai danni della vitalit e della creativit . E sono molte le persone che si fanno prendere dai pensieri negativi e dalle preoccupazioni superflue, sprecando lenergia che serve a nutrire il corpo e lo spirito.

Allora, come possiamo risolvere il dilemma della mente che sfugge al controllo sprecando la nostra forza vitale, che la stessa energia che ci serve per contenere e reprimere questo dialogo interno?

Innanzi tutto, ci sono una serie di tecniche di meditazione molto utili per placare il dialogo interno. Fate per attenzione a quelle troppo contorte e complicate perche rischiano di portarvi a pensare di pi. La frase chiave non pensare. Quindi, qualunque metodo deve essere semplice e diretto, richiedendo il minimo di istruzioni e tecniche.Ve ne suggerisco uno molto semplice.

Per prima cosa, trovate un luogo relativamente tranquillo e mettetevi seduti o sdraiati comodamente. preferibile non chiudere gli occhi per evitare di addormentarsi. Cercate poi gradualmente di smettere di pensare. Molte persone troveranno che, non appena fanno cosi, il cervello si riempie di pensieri. Il trucco di non forzarlo. Lasciate i pensieri liberi di emergere. Cercate di non allacciarvi a questi pensieri fluttuanti per non trasformarli in un susseguirsi di pensieri a catena. Lequivalente sul piano fisico sarebbe di trovarvi allangolo di una strada dove passano taxi, automobili ed autobus che vi fanno cenno si salire a bordo, ai quali voi non fate caso. Quindi, qualunque schema di pensiero o esperienza affiori, lasciatelo semplicemente andare, senza farci caso. Un cervello che sfugge al controllo come un pentolino dacqua bollente, con mille pensieri in ebollizione. Quando vediamo lacqua che bolle, noi spegnamo la fiamma. Fate una cosa analoga con il cervello. Allinizio, qualcuno di voi trover che i pensieri sembrano addirittura aumentare; non vi scoraggiate e perseverate senza cercare di controllare la situazione.

Per avere il controllo, bisogna prima abbandonare il controllo. Semplicemente continuate a praticare e un giorno allimprovviso succeder.. Vi accorgerete che non un processo incrementale. Praticate e apparentemente non succede mai niente, ma se perseverate, un giorno allimprovviso, il dialogo interno si arrester. Ricordatevi che non si tratta di un processo costruttivo. Se per esempio state potenziando un muscolo o state facendo esercizio per perdere peso, ogni giorno, ogni settimana, vedrete un incremento in forza, magrezza o qualunque altro sia il vostro obbiettivo. Invece, vi state muovendo su un altro piano desistenza ed pi come penetrare attraverso qualcosa. una dote ereditaria che avevate da piccoli e che avete perso perche siete stati indirizzati male. un processo di smantellamento pi che di costruzione. Voi continuate imperterriti e ad un certo punto il silenzio prender il sopravvento.

Non preoccupatevi di perdere la testa. Anche se pu suonare ridicolo, ho conosciuto persone preoccupate del fatto che, una volta quietato il dialogo interno, sarebbero potute uscire di senno. Lasciate che vi rassicuri, io stesso sono in uno stato si silenzio da varie decadi; dallet di diciannove anni ho acquisito una considerevole quiete per quanto riguarda le mie funzioni cerebrali, e questo mi ha permesso di ricordare unintera disciplina di conoscenza energetica insieme ad altre esperienze profonde. Per giunta, molti dei partecipanti ai nostri seminari sono in grado di conseguire il silenzio quasi immediatamente e di scoprire che il silenzio davvero doro.

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Howard Y. Lee and The Light of Life(R)

Alzheimer’s Disease – Diagnosis, Evaluation and Treatment

Posted: March 25, 2019 at 3:42 pm


Alzheimer's disease is a condition where neurons within the brain stop functioning, lose connection with other neurons and die. It's the most common cause of dementia, a loss of brain function that can adversely impact memory, thinking, language, judgment and behavior. Alzheimer's is irreversible and progressive.

Alzheimer's is evaluated by identifying certain symptoms and ruling out other possible causes of dementia. Your doctor will likely perform a complete medical exam, including neurological, blood and brain imaging exams, such as CT, MRI or PET/CT of the head. There is no cure for Alzheimer's disease. However, your doctor may prescribe medication to slow the disease's progression and manage your symptoms.

Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia, a loss of brain function that affects memory, thinking, language, judgment and behavior. In Alzheimer's disease, large numbers of neurons stop functioning, lose connections with other neurons, and die.

Irreversible and progressive, Alzheimer's disease slowly destroys memory and thinking skills and, eventually, the ability to carry out the simplest tasks of daily living.

Although the cause of Alzheimer's disease is unknown, scientists believe that a build-up of beta-amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the brain are associated with the disease.

The stages of the disease typically progress from mild to moderate to severe. Symptoms usually develop slowly and gradually worsen over a number of years; however, progression and symptoms vary from person to person. The first symptom of Alzheimer's disease usually appears as forgetfulness.

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a stage between normal forgetfulness due to aging and the development of Alzheimer's disease. People with MCI have mild problems with thinking and memory that do not interfere with everyday activities. Not everyone with MCI develops Alzheimer's disease.

Other early symptoms of Alzheimer's include language problems, difficulty performing tasks that require thought, personality changes and loss of social skills.

As Alzheimer's disease progresses, symptoms may include a change in sleep patterns, depression, agitation, difficulty doing basic tasks such as reading or writing, violent behavior and poor judgment.

People with severe Alzheimer's disease are unable to recognize family members or understand language.

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No single test can determine whether a person has Alzheimer's disease. A diagnosis is made by determining the presence of certain symptoms and ruling out other causes of dementia. This involves a careful medical evaluation, including a thorough medical history, mental status testing, a physical and neurological exam, blood tests and brain imaging exams, including:

A combined PET/CT exam fuses images from a PET and CT scan together to provide detail on both the anatomy (from the CT scan) and function (from the PET scan) of organs and tissues. A PET/CT scan can help differentiate Alzheimer's disease from other types of dementia. Another nuclear medicine test called a single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) scan is also used for this purpose.

Using PET scanning and a new radiotracer called C-11 PIB, scientists have recently imaged the build-up of beta-amyloid plaques in the living brain. Radiotracers similar to C-11 PIB are currently being developed for use in the clinical setting.

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There is no cure for Alzheimer's disease. However, medications that slow the progression of the disease and manage symptoms are available.

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Alzheimer's Disease - Diagnosis, Evaluation and Treatment

List of British monarchs by longevity – Wikipedia

Posted: March 23, 2019 at 1:42 am


Wikimedia list article

This is a list of British monarchs by longevity since the Union of the Crowns of England, Scotland and Ireland in 1603. To maintain consistency within the table, the dates of birth and death for each monarch are given in New Style. Two measures of the longevity are giventhis is to allow for the differing number of leap days occurring within the life of each monarch. The first column is the number of days between date of birth and date of death, allowing for leap days; the second column breaks this number down into years, and days, with the years being the number of whole years the monarch lived, and then days after his or her last birthday. Elizabeth II (queen since 6 February 1952), is the longest lived British sovereign.

*Updated daily according to UTC. While Queen Victoria lived for only 4 days more than George III in terms of years and days format, she actually lived for five days more because there were 20 leap days during Victoria's life and only 19 leap days during the life of George III.

If Charles, Prince of Wales, were to accede to the throne, he would immediately be ranked 8th with an age of 70years, 119days. If instead his son, William, Duke of Cambridge, were to accede any time before September 2030, he would be ranked 18th.

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List of British monarchs by longevity - Wikipedia

Best Anti-aging skincare: Shop these amazingly effective …

Posted: at 1:42 am


With so many choices out there, it can be difficult to find anti-aging skin care products that live up to their promises to erase wrinkles, age spots, and fine lines -- without breaking the bank.

We've rounded up 10 highly rated anti-aging skin care products you can buy on Amazon right now.

But first, let's talk about a few key ingredients found in many of these lotions and potions, to help determine which ones are best for you.

Vitamin C: This antioxidant is a powerhouse in the world of anti-aging. It is said to be highly effective in promoting collagen production, and users tout its ability to brighten their complexions, even out skin tone and texture, and eliminate dark spots.

Retinol: Retinol is a type of vitamin A marketed for anti-aging products because of its ability to speed up cell turnover. Many users report smoother, younger-looking skin after regular use. Because retinol causes you to shed skin cells faster, your skin may feel a little dry and flaky at first. In fact, many dermatologists recommend that you use it just a few nights a week before making it a regular part of your skin care routine.

Hyaluronic Acid: Ah, the holy grail of moisturizing! Hyaluronic acid is a magnet for moisture, with the ability to retain over 1,000 times its weight in water -- how about that for beating the winter dryness? Hydrated skin decreases the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, and hyaluronic acid is a great way to counteract the possible drying effects of vitamin C and retinoids.

Glycolic Acid: This acid belongs to the alpha-hydroxy family and is known best for its ability to stimulate collagen growth. Many users report that glycolic acid clears up their acne, brightens their skin and reduces the appearance of brown spots.

Of course, everyone's skin is different, and there is no such thing as a miracle elixir. So don't hesitate to consult your dermatologist before trying any of these products out, especially if you have sensitive skin.

Before we even begin discussing products to reverse the signs of aging, we must emphasize the importance of daily sunscreen. And no, we don't just mean when you're at the beach. According the American Academy of Dermatology, even on cloudy days, up to 80% of the sun's harmful UV rays can penetrate your skin, making you vulnerable to wrinkling, spotting, and loss of elasticity (not to mention skin cancer). We particularly love this facial sunscreen by EltaMD, which is oil-free and lightweight and even acts as a great base for makeup.

Every skin care regimen starts with a quality cleanser. Look no further than this glycolic acid exfoliating cleanser by Body Merry. Formulated with 2.5% glycolic acid, willow bark, jojoba beads, rose hip oil and tea tree oils, this cleanser fights discoloration. Body Merry stands by its products, offering a 90-day money-back guarantee if you are not satisfied.

This eye gel by Baebody is a personal favorite of mine, and with 4 stars and 14,000 reviews, it's safe to say this product is loved by many. This gel is packed with moisturizing ingredients like hyaluronic acid, vitamin E, jojoba oil and aloe vera.

This serum is another Amazon favorite, with 4 stars and over 6,000 reviews. This advanced serum contains 20% vitamin C, as well as hydrating ingredients like vitamin E, hyaluronic acid and aloe vera. In case you don't absolutely love it, TruSkin offers a 90-day money-back guarantee.

Fight fine lines and wrinkles with this retinol serum by Tree of Life. This paraben- and cruelty-free serum is formulated with clinical strength retinol, 20% vitamin C, and hyaluronic acid. While it does contain hydrating ingredients, it's still important to follow it up with a rich moisturizer.

Worried about dry skin? Look no further than LilyAna Naturals retinol cream, which combines prescription-strength retinoids with tons of moisturizing ingredients, such as hyaluronic acid, vitamin E, green tea, shea butter and jojoba oil. Don't fret if your skin is acne-prone, for reviewers rave about how it does not clog pores or cause breakouts. Score!

Hyaluronic acid serums are an absolute must in my skin care routine, applied underneath my moisturizer in the morning and at night. This 100% pure hyaluronic acid serum by Cosmedica is an internet favorite, with 4 stars and over 7,500 reviews.

Exfoliating is an important part of every skin care routine, and this one removes dead skin cells while providing intense moisture to your skin. Containing vitamin C, manuka honey, walnut and aloe vera, it's a cleansing scrub that Era Organics also recommends leaving on as a facial mask.

Did you know your hands are one of the first body parts to show signs of aging? Don't fret, this -417 Anti Aging cream claims to transform dry hands. Made with 100% natural ingredients, this nongreasy moisturizer works to to diminish the appearance of fine lines.

This moisturizer by Olay is a drugstore favorite, perfect for applying after your favorite serum(s). It contains VitaNiacin complex II with vitamins C & E, and is billed as fighting seven signs of aging, leaving your skin looking (and feeling) ultra-hydrated.

Note: The prices above reflect the retailer's listed prices at the time of publication.

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