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The Union to host ‘The Longevity Project’ | TheUnion.com – The Union of Grass Valley

Posted: February 25, 2021 at 6:47 am


The Union will host a free virtual event titled The Longevity Project on Saturday.

The event, scheduled from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m., will feature six local speakers, each of whom will talk about health and longevity through a variety of lenses.

The Union event manager Deana Graydon said the events intended audience anyone out there who wants to have a guideline for living a longer and healthier life may find the event particularly well timed, as self-care has become more difficult for many amid the pandemic.

Graydon explained that, when setting out to organize the event, some areas stood out immediately as connected to the discussion on longevity. For example, Carole Carson will be discussing brain health, registered dietitian nutritionist Kelly Kull will share about what to eat to stay strong, and therapist Keith Thompson will speak on mental health and emotional well-being.

She said dental health, for example, which will be discussed at the event by local dentist Dr. Sean Rockwell, was a more surprising addition to the facets of longevity to be covered.

Also sharing about the links between their respective areas of expertise and longevity, Homer Nottingham will discuss the benefits of Qigong and tai chi, which he has practiced for decades, and chiropractor Dr. Matt Archer will talk about his new book, The Protocol for Health: Seven Unexpected Solutions.

According to Graydon, the event was originally scheduled to last two hours.

There were so many interesting people that we found to talk about things that we extended it an hour, said Graydon.

Victoria Penate is a staff writer for The Union. She can be reached at vpenate@theunion.com.

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The Union to host 'The Longevity Project' | TheUnion.com - The Union of Grass Valley

9 steps to longer life: Learn longevity secrets from the Japanese people – Times Now

Posted: at 6:47 am


Chitetsu Watanabe, 112, poses next to the calligraphy he wrote after being awarded as the world's oldest living male by Guinness World Records, in Joetsu, Niigata prefecture, northern Japan Wednesday, Feb. 12, 2020  |  Photo Credit: AP

Ever since mankind unlocked the formula to deal with infections that maimed or killed before antibiotics and interception drugs were discovered, life expectancy across the world has risen. But what we humans really seek is not merely longer lives.

We want to ensure that the quality of life is retained too. Most of us want to age gracefully and live a long, healthy life filled with good friends, family, and plenty of activity.A Japanese man with a sweet tooth who believes in smiles has become the worlds oldest male at 112 years and 344 days old, according to Guinness World Records in February 2020.

According to Japanese daily Nippon Times, the average life expectancy in Japan in 2019 was 87.45 years for women and 81.41 years for men. The latest World Health Organization report in 2019 put Japans average life expectancy at birth at 83.7 years (86.8 years for women and 80.5 years for men). Compare that with the global average male life expectancy which stands at 69.1 years. The same for Indians is 69.16 years.

The secret of long life in Japan is often considered as the combination of diet, policy, exercise, cultural factors and genetics - with no single cause running away with the credits.

1. "Hara Hach Bun Me":This is a popular saying in Japan. It means eat only until you are 80 per cent (8 out of 10 parts) full. It usually takes at least 20 minutes for the brain to get the signal from the body that it needs to stop eating as it has had its fill of nutrients. By then, one ends up eating more than required and in the process, increasing the load on the guts. Japanese people go by the hara hachi bun me clock as a reminder to stop eating.

2. Better Health care system and cleanliness:The Japanese have an avanced heath care system. Vaccination programmes are seriously implemented for all individuals since birth, universal health insurance and regular health check-ups ensure timely care. Regular health campaigns that guide people to incorporate healhy lifestyles like reducing salt consumption, free treatment for TB are a norm. Japans investment in public health in the 1950s and 1960s with creating a health and hygiene conscious culture is paying off, says a research paper in Lancet. The Japanese are fastidious about hygienerelated practices. Landfill sites are not a menace but are turned into eco-friendly parks.

3. Everything is designed to make mealtime scared:The Japanese serve smaller portions and encourage slower eating style. Portions are served on smaller plates, families eat together and at a dedicated dining set up, not sprawled before a TV set or while typing on the cell phone. They prefer sitting on the floor and using chopsticks, making the eating process a lot slower.

(Japanese food:Sharing and eating sushi)

4. The food they eat:The Japanese diet is lean and balanced, with staple foods like sea-weeds seasonal fruits, omega-rich fish, rice, whole grains, tofu, soy, miso, and green and raw vegetables. All these foods contain lesser amounts of saturated fats and sugars and are loaded with vitamins and minerals thus reducing the risk of cancers and heart disease. Pickled, fermented and smoked foods help the gut digest food better. Japanese cuisine is low in calories and saturated fats, thus reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease. Japanese diet has ensured that the obesity rate is impressively low in Japan. The soups they eat, the steaming and stewing help retain nutrients. Recently, ateam of scientists in the US have identified distinct signatures in the gut microbiome that are associated with either healthy or unhealthy ageing trajectories. The work is set to be published in the journal "Nature Metabolism".

5. The tradition of drinking tea:The Japanese people love drinking tea and have woven it into their culture. Matcha tea is popular across the archipelago of Japan. Specially grown and processed tea leaves that are highly nutritios and loaded with anti-oxidants are used for the green tea brew. This ancient drink is rich in antioxidants that boost the immune system, help fight cancer, aid digestion, boost energy levels and regulate blood pressure. Matcha tea is said to preserve membrane cells and slow cell ageing.

6. Walk, walk, walk:The Japanese people hate sedentary lifestyles. The young and old alike love to walk. Sitting on the floor comes easy to anaverage Japanese. Toilets too are designed for squatting, not sitting, thus ensuring that the core stays engaged - also healthier for the bowels and your muscles!. Commutes are not sedentary either. Students and employees walk or cycle to the train station, standing on the train, then walking to work. The traditional socialising position of kneeling is known as seiza and involves resting on one's shins and tucking the feet underneath one's bottom. This - it rurns out - is just what the doctor ordered for ensuring that the strength and flexibility of the bdy is maintained.

7. It's the genes, dear:Apart from good healthcare and a great diet that have helped the Japanese to increase their lifespan, studies suggest they may have a genetic advantage due to two genes in particular - DNA 5178 and ND2-237Met genotype - that is prevalent among the Japanese population. It is a lucky draw though and not everyone in Japan will inherit this genetype. This set of genes helps block the onset of some age-related diseases like type 2 diabetes, strokes, heart attacks, cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases.

8. Loving care to elders:Like in India, it is also traditional for people in Japan to care for elderly family members rather than sending them to care homes as is the norm in many western countries. The psychological benefits of living with your family in old age means that people are happier and live longer. The elderly also participate in teaching the younger population things that only grandparents can. The symbiotic bond seems to help ageing gracefully and securing childcare.

9. Ikigai, Japan's equivalent to joie de vivre:The Japanese live with ikigai - an ancient philosophy that preaches taht one must seek some joy and purpose in life instead of merely existing. Find your ikigai or your reason to live, they believe. It is essential for life fulfilment and that you can find joy and purpose in many aspects of your life such as helping others, eating well, and being surrounded by loving friends and family.

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9 steps to longer life: Learn longevity secrets from the Japanese people - Times Now

How to live longer: Three supplements linked to a longer lifespan – what to take – Express

Posted: at 6:47 am


Life expectancy is largely governed by how effectively we can wield the tools at our disposal. What we choose to put in our body illustrates this point - poor dietary decisions can invite a host of health problems, whereas eating well can provide a barrier against them. Supplements are often met with a healthy dose of scepticism, but evidence suggests that some can extend your lifespan.

One study of over 41,000 metformin users found the drug decreased frailty by 24 percent, decreased cancer risk by six percent, reduced cardiovascular disease risk by 19 percent, and increased overall lifespan by six percent.

In their concluding remarks, the study researchers wrote: The apparent reductions in all-cause mortality and diseases of ageing associated with metformin use suggest that metformin could be extending life and health spans by acting as a neuroprotective agent.

According to Dartnell, another supplement that may extend ones lifespan is NMN (nicotinamide mononucleotide).

As he explained Inside the body, NMN is transformed into NAD+ - a critical coenzyme found in every cell in your body.

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The body naturally produces NAD+ but levels decline as we get older.

A key study of NAD-boosting molecules (NMN) found that boosting NAD+ levels in older age can promote health and extend lifespan.

"NMN is thought to boost our longevity genes in a way that mimics the effects of exercise," Dartnell reports.

In their concluding remarks, the study authors wrote: Restoration of NAD+ levels in old or diseased animals can promote health and extend lifespan, prompting a search for safe and efficacious NAD-boosting molecules.

"The good news is, resveratrol is also available in red wine, just in case you dont fancy taking the supplements."

According to research, determining the mechanism(s) by which resveratrol and similar molecules act, and developing methods to improve bioavailability and/or specificity, has enormous potential to benefit human health.

It is thought that resveratrol mimics fasting, said Dartnell.

As he explained, fasting is essential for switching on our longevity genes.

It should be noted that GBS Clinic does not sell any of these supplements and does not necessarily endorse or agree with the findings here. Dartnell just reporting on what the scientific literature has discovered.

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How to live longer: Three supplements linked to a longer lifespan - what to take - Express

Healthy Aging and Longevity Linked to Gut Microbiome – Technology Networks

Posted: at 6:47 am


The gut microbiome is an integral component of the body, but its importance in the human aging process is unclear. ISB researchers and their collaborators have identified distinct signatures in the gut microbiome that are associated with either healthy or unhealthy aging trajectories, which in turn predict survival in a population of older individuals. The work was just published in the journal Nature Metabolism.

The research team analyzed gut microbiome, phenotypic and clinical data from over 9,000 people between the ages of 18 and 101 years old across three independent cohorts. The team focused, in particular, on longitudinal data from a cohort of over 900 community-dwelling older individuals (78-98 years old), allowing them to track health and survival outcomes.

The data showed that gut microbiomes became increasingly unique (i.e. increasingly divergent from others) as individuals aged, starting in mid-to-late adulthood, which corresponded with a steady decline in the abundance of core bacterial genera (e.g. Bacteroides) that tend to be shared across humans.

Strikingly, while microbiomes became increasingly unique to each individual in healthy aging, the metabolic functions the microbiomes were carrying out shared common traits. This gut uniqueness signature was highly correlated with several microbially-derived metabolites in blood plasma, including one tryptophan-derived indole that has previously been shown to extend lifespan in mice. Blood levels of another metabolite phenylacetylglutamine showed the strongest association with uniqueness, and prior work has shown that this metabolite is indeed highly elevated in the blood of centenarians.

This uniqueness signature can predict patient survival in the latest decades of life, said ISB Research Scientist Dr. Tomasz Wilmanski, who led the study. Healthy individuals around 80 years of age showed continued microbial drift toward a unique compositional state, but this drift was absent in less healthy individuals.

Interestingly, this uniqueness pattern appears to start in mid-life 40-50 years old and is associated with a clear blood metabolomic signature, suggesting that these microbiome changes may not simply be diagnostic of healthy aging, but that they may also contribute directly to health as we age, Wilmanski said. For example, indoles are known to reduce inflammation in the gut, and chronic inflammation is thought to be a major driver in the progression of aging-related morbidities.

Prior results in microbiome-aging research appear inconsistent, with some reports showing a decline in core gut genera in centenarian populations, while others show relative stability of the microbiome up until the onset of aging-related declines in health, said microbiome specialist Dr. Sean Gibbons, co-corresponding author of the paper. Our work, which is the first to incorporate a detailed analysis of health and survival, may resolve these inconsistencies. Specifically, we show two distinct aging trajectories: 1) a decline in core microbes and an accompanying rise in uniqueness in healthier individuals, consistent with prior results in community-dwelling centenarians, and 2) the maintenance of core microbes in less healthy individuals.

This analysis highlights the fact that the adult gut microbiome continues to develop with advanced age in healthy individuals, but not in unhealthy ones, and that microbiome compositions associated with health in early-to-mid adulthood may not be compatible with health in late adulthood.

This is exciting work that we think will have major clinical implications for monitoring and modifying gut microbiome health throughout a persons life, said ISB Professor Dr. Nathan Price, co-corresponding author of the paper.

This research project was conducted by ISB and collaborators from Oregon Health and Science University, University of California San Diego, University of Pittsburgh, University of California Davis, Lifestyle Medicine Institute, and University of Washington. It was supported in part by a Catalyst Award in Healthy Longevity from the National Academy of Medicine, and the Longevity Consortium of the National Institute on Aging.

ReferenceWilmanski T, Diener C, Rappaport N, et al. Gut microbiome pattern reflects healthy ageing and predicts survival in humans. Nature Metabolism. Published online 2021. doi:10.1038/s42255-021-00348-0

This article has been republished from the following materials. Note: material may have been edited for length and content. For further information, please contact the cited source.

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Healthy Aging and Longevity Linked to Gut Microbiome - Technology Networks

Explore Black-owned Longevity Wines this month – Atlanta Journal Constitution

Posted: at 6:47 am


Debra came up with the name, a play on their surname. The labels logo, which Long designed in 2009 for his wife, is an intricate and delicate heart shape made of smaller hearts, grapevines and grapes, to represent who we are, he said. Long gave Debra a glass heart for Valentines Day when they first started dating, and from that moment on she was all about hearts.

Heart rocks, heart jewelry, heart everything, he said.

The heart label and the wines behind it symbolize their love story. Debra passed away in January, 2019, from pancreatic cancer, but her dream lives on, and Long continues to honor her, releasing more wines and telling the story of Black wineries.

Long is the president of the Association of African American Vintners, with a mission to promote awareness of Black winemakers and winery owners. He strives not only to promote these businesses, but also to foster a spirit of communication among them.

Longevitys classic (white label) bottles are capped with an innovative cork that twists off easily by hand. Called the Helix, the joint venture between Owens-Illinois and Amorim Cork Co. is 100% recyclable, renewable and cork taint-free. You can reseal it by twisting it back on.

I love the convenience and the unique look it adds to my wines, Long said. Its a bottle thats ready to go, without any tools, and also delivers a fun pop.

Two of Longevitys small-batch wines are readily available.

Longevity 2018 chardonnay ($15.99) has a nose of fresh melon and floral blossoms. Its clean and bright, with flavors of tropical fruit and toasted oak, and is flinty, like wet pebbles. Its also buttery, with a round mouthfeel from oak-barrel fermentation. Thanks to a 13% inclusion of viognier, it has a long-structured finish.

Longevity 2018 cabernet sauvignon ($15.99) is big in body and quite structured. It begins with oak and cedar aromas, and tastes of dried cherries, herbs, baking spices, cassis and vanilla. Grippy tannins lead to a lengthy finish of cocoa and a leather-filled humidor. Long includes the rare varietal arinarnoa, a grape bred in Bordeaux that is deep in color and similar in taste to cabernet Franc.

Long has a Longevity ros ready to go nationwide in late spring, and the holiday season hopefully will bring a sparkling wine for celebration.

Find Longevity wines at:

Total Wine & More. 3954 Peachtree Road NE, Atlanta. 404-816-7249, totalwine.com

Tower Beer, Wine, and Spirits. 2161 Piedmont Road NE, Atlanta. 404-881-0902, towerwinespirits.com

Corners Fine Wine and Spirits, 5730 Peachtree Parkway, Peachtree Corners. 470-242-3939, cornersfinewineandspirits.com

About the Author

Angela Hansberger is a freelance food, spirits, & culture writer who has written for Bon Appetit, Atlanta Magazine, Audubon, and is a contributing writer for the AJC.

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Explore Black-owned Longevity Wines this month - Atlanta Journal Constitution

Longevity Noodles with Ginger Chicken and Mushrooms – The Splendid Table

Posted: at 6:47 am


Fresh Chinese noodles are found in the refrigerator section of most Asian food markets. The best noodles for lo mein are about 1/4-inch thick and are sold in 1-pound packages. You can use 8 to 10 ounces of dry spaghetti in place of the fresh noodles. For the Lunar New Year noodles are often served because they symbolize longevity. In addition, shiitake mushrooms symbolize prosperity and scallions bestows intelligence.

INGREDIENTS

12 ounces fresh Chinese thick, round egg noodles

2 teaspoons Asian sesame oil

12 ounces skinless, boneless chicken thigh or breast, cut into 1/4-inch-thick bite-sized slices

1 tablespoon finely shredded ginger

1 teaspoon plus 1 tablespoon Shao Hsing rice wine or dry sherry

1 teaspoon cornstarch

1 teaspoon plus 1 tablespoon soy sauce

1 teaspoon salt

1/4 teaspoon white pepper

2 tablespoons peanut or vegetable oil

teaspoon red pepper flakes

3 cups thinly sliced Napa cabbage (about 5 ounces)

4 ounces fresh shiitake mushrooms, caps removed and thinly sliced (about 2 cups)

cup finely shredded scallions

DIRECTIONS

1. In a large pot bring about 2 quarts water to a boil over high heat. When the water comes to a rolling boil, add the noodles. Return to a rolling boil, and boil according to package directions until al dente. Carefully pour the noodles into a colander and rinse several times with cold water. Drain the noodles in a colander shaking well to remove excess water. Return the noodles to the unwashed pot, add the sesame oil and toss until well combined. Set aside.

2. Put the chicken in a shallow bowl and add the ginger, 1 teaspoon of the rice wine, cornstarch, 1 teaspoon of the soy sauce, 1/4 teaspoon of the salt, and pepper. In a small bowl combine the remaining 1 tablespoon rice wine, and 1 tablespoon soy sauce.

3. Heat a 14-inch flat-bottomed wok over high heat until a bead of water vaporizes within 1 to 2 seconds of contact. Swirl in 1 tablespoon of the peanut oil, add the red pepper flakes, then using a metal spatula, stir-fry 5 seconds or until the pepper flakes are fragrant. Push the red pepper flakes to the sides of the wok, carefully add the chicken mixture and spread evenly in one layer in the wok. Cook undisturbed 1 minute, letting the chicken begin to sear. Stir-fry 30 seconds or until the chicken begins to brown. Add the cabbage and mushrooms and stir-fry 1 minute or until the cabbage is just wilted but the chicken is not cooked through. Transfer the chicken and vegetables to a plate.

4. Swirl the remaining 1 tablespoon peanut oil into the wok. Add the noodles and stir-fry 15 seconds. Restir the soy sauce mixture, swirl it into wok, add the scallions, chicken mixture, and sprinkle on the remaining 3/4 teaspoon salt. Stir-fry 1 to 2 minutes or until chicken is cooked through and noodles are heated through.

Recipe adapted from Stir-Frying to the Skys Edge

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Longevity Noodles with Ginger Chicken and Mushrooms - The Splendid Table

How to live longer: Garlic and ginger can reduce cancer risk to boost longevity – Express

Posted: at 6:47 am


Ageing is deterioration of the physiological functions in human body, which is associated with several diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, neurological disease, cancer, and other metabolic disorders. It has been reported that oxidative stress and inflammation mainly contribute to the progression of ageing. This is where foods come in which can either help or hinder this process. Studies and experts advise including more ginger and garlic into your meals to help boost longevity.

In a study published in Sift Deck Research Page, the role of garlic and ginger in anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects in ageing was further investigated.

The study noted: Previous studies show that garlic lowers blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides, and homocysteine, boost immunity and decreases oxidative stress and inflammation, which are associated with anti-ageing mechanism.

Scientific evidence suggests that garlic and ginger both showed the protective effects against oxidative stress by depleting ROS and inflammation and extending life span.

Garlic and ginger are reported to have many bioactive compounds that exert antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.

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There have been reports of evidence which indicate the health benefits such as anti-ageing and antioxidant effects of garlic.Garlic has been shown to prevent chronic diseases such as ageing, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and Alzheimers disease.

Garlic has been shown to prevent chronic diseases such as aging, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and Alzheimers disease.

Moreover, garlic has been demonstrated for lowering cholesterol, triglycerides, and homocysteine, and decreasing oxidative stress and inflammation.

In addition, garlic treatment was reported to lower blood pressure, boost immunity, increase internal antioxidant like glutathione, and ameliorate fatigue.

Health experts suggest that a garlic rich diet and its supplement in any form provides regular health benefits and help to prevent serious diseases and ageing.

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Gut health also plays a pivotal role in keeping health threats at bay and boosting life expectancy and new research highlights a particular herb for its gut health benefits.

According to findings presented at a research event on ageing well hosted by Yakult in Tokyo, Japan, the popular herb was shown to boost gut health and subsequently extent longevity.

The findings attribute the gut health benefits to the high amounts of natural fibres that are found in garlic, which boosts good bacteria.

These crowd out harmful gut bacteria which are known to contribute to everything from cancer and dementia to obesity and mental illness.

Ginger root is the most commonly used for home remedies like headache, nausea, common cold and emesis.

It possesses various life activities, such as antioxidant, anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer activities.

There is some evidence to suggest that ginger can also inhibit and regulate several diseases, such as neurodegenerative diseases, heart diseases and metabolic disorders like diabetes mellitus and obesity, and respiratory disorders.

In a study published in the US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, the effect of ginger on the lipid levels was investigated.

The study noted: Forty-five patients in the treatment group and 40 patients in the placebo group participated in this study".

There was a significant reduction in triglyceride, cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), very low-density lipoprotein, levels of before and after study separately in each group," it continued.

Mean changes in triglyceride and cholesterol levels of the ginger group were significantly higher than the placebo group.

Mean reduction in LDL level and increase in high density lipoprotein level of ginger group were higher than the placebo group, but in VLDL level of placebo was higher than ginger."

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How to live longer: Garlic and ginger can reduce cancer risk to boost longevity - Express

Boost Your Healthspan With Longevity LIVE and Dr. Craige Golding – Longevity LIVE

Posted: at 6:47 am


Join us for a three day wellness immersion. With the past year that weve had, its easy to understand why so many people are looking to take better care of themselves and enhance their healthspan. Whether its finding ways to boost their immunity or better manage their stress, the coronavirus pandemic has definitely changed the way in which we prioritize our health and longevity. Now while its great to hear that more and more people are prioritizing their health, the real question is where do we start?

Aging isnt about beauty; its about prevention Dr. Craige Golding

The sooner you begin to better manage your health, the better you will age, in grace and happiness, and we have the perfect way for you to start. That said, join Longevity LIVE for a three-day retreat aimed at helping you take control of your health.

Immersing yourself over a three-day period, youll be able to gain an excellent understanding of how you will age and what you can do to improve your health span, with help from leading aging specialist Dr. Craige Golding. If thats not enough, well also tackle your eating habits where you can learn how to improve your diet. After all, you are what you eat.

Additionally, if youre interested in taking a more aesthetic approach to aging, the retreat will delve into an understanding of what non-invasive and invasive aging management treatments are available all while you immerse yourself in beautiful nature.

Where? Plettenberg Bay, Western Cape, South Africa

When? April 30th May 3rd, 2021

How much: The cost of the retreat, excluding travel, is ZAR 19 200 excluding VAT.

Dr. Craige Golding, a specialist physician in anti-aging medicine, admits that the term anti-aging medicine is perhaps not the best description of his field of interest. It tends to suggest a focus on the exterior, giving the impression that its all about wrinkles and Botox treatments. But Dr. Craiges focus is much broader than that. Anti-aging medicine is really about the prevention, early detection, and reversal of chronic diseases that become more common with age, and which constitute nearly 90% of the illnesses doctors treat on an ongoing basis.

Anti-Aging medicine truly is the way forward in the new millennium, advocating that people actively take control of their health rather than simply waiting for diseases to develop. People want to spend a long time living healthily and a shorter time dying.

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Boost Your Healthspan With Longevity LIVE and Dr. Craige Golding - Longevity LIVE

How to live longer: Hibiscus reduces Alzheimers disease risk and boosts longevity – Express

Posted: at 6:47 am


Living a long and healthy life can be a reality when consuming the right kinds of foods and products. Hibiscus is still relatively unknown but with its endless health benefits it should be a staple for those wanting to boost their longevity. From reducingthe risk ofAlzheimers disease, improving cardiovascular health, and aiding in weight loss, hibiscus could be the miracle cure.

In a study published in the National Library of Medicine, hibiscus use and how it prolongs a persons lifespan was analysed.

The study noted: Hibiscus sabdariffa L. is commonly used as an ingredient for herbal teas and food supplements.

Several studies demonstrated the beneficial effects of Hibiscus sabdariffa L. extracts (HSE).

HSE treatment resulted in a prominent extension of lifespan (up to 24 percent) and a reduction of the age-dependent decline in locomotion.

Our results demonstrate that HSE increases lifespan.

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Another study published in Research Gate, looked at how hibiscus helps to reducethe risk of Alzheimers.

Hibiscus Sabdariffa is an edible plant which has been used in traditional medicine, noted the study.

The rich flavonoids and polyphenolic content of the plant makes it a potential antioxidant.

The antioxidant property of H. sabdariffa helps in trashing out the free radicals generated as a result of oxidative stress.

The free radical damage is the absolute cause for many of the dreadful conditions including, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and neurodegenerative disease.

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Hibiscus also aids in weight loss which impacts a persons longevity.

Several studies suggest that hibiscus tea may be associated with weight loss and protect against obesity.

Onestudygave 36 overweight participants either hibiscus extract or a placebo.

After 12 weeks, hibiscus extract reduced body weight, body fat, body mass index and hip-to-waist ratio.

An animalstudy had similar findings, reporting that giving obese mice hibiscus extract for 60 days led to a reduction in body weight.

Hibiscus has a good supply of minerals including calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium and zinc.

It also contains B vitamins such as niacin and folic acid.

Astudypublished in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology suggests thathibiscus has antihypertensive and cardioprotective properties, which can be beneficial for people suffering from hypertension and those at high risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Antioxidants help fight free radicals in the body, which can damage collagen-causing skin dryness, wrinkles and premature ageing. It is also a source of protein, a building block of the skin, and is anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial.

Aduna hibiscus is a source of calcium helping to support the normal function of digestive enzymes in the gut.

It is also a source of iron helping to support immune function in the body and for the formation of red blood cells which transport oxygen around the body.

This keeps the immune system healthy and boosts longevity.

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How to live longer: Hibiscus reduces Alzheimers disease risk and boosts longevity - Express

Partner Insight: Longevity is a real risk investors are not paying much attention to – Investment Week

Posted: at 6:47 am


Drawdown is a nightmare and how much of your assets you can draw down each year is no longer sustainable. What is the answer to the longevity puzzle? Aviva Investors investigates.

Andrew Scott, professor of economics at London Business School argues that people need to think more carefully about how they plan for a long retirement: it is not just about accumulating more savings, but also investing them wisely. Scott notes: "In a world where we have very low interest rates and very long lifespans, drawdown is a nightmare issue. People will be looking at their portfolios in very different ways. With current interest rates and the length of life you might be living, the old expectations about how much of your assets you might be able to draw down each year (which used to be around four per cent) will just not be sustainable. You might have to be much more active in managing your portfolio."

The current economic environment brings additional challenges. For investors to manage longevity effectively, their assets need to keep pace with inflation. Those that do so are typically higher growth assets, but that often comes with greater volatility. Volatility brings in sequencing risk (the risk that significant falls in asset prices early in retirement compromise an investor's ability to generate returns in the long term).

But there are ways to manage longevity risk through an investment portfolio as well.

Click herefor our exclusive spotlight on multi-asset, and how dynamic portfolio management combined with ESG metrics can help clients to overcome longevity risk and achieve their retirement goals in 2021.

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Partner Insight: Longevity is a real risk investors are not paying much attention to - Investment Week

How to live longer: The best time of the day to exercise to boost longevity – Express

Posted: at 6:47 am


Few would argue about the importance of regular exercise but when to do it has often divided opinion. As personal trainer Deanna Hammond-Blackburn of OriGym explains to Express.co.uk, many claim that the morning is best due to the reduced impact on sleep quality, whilst others claim that the evening is better as muscle fatigue is less prevalent at this time. According to Hammond-Blackburn, the duration of the exercise is key to determining the best time for increased longevity, as well as the health and condition of the individual exercising.

As he reported, a literature review in the Integrative Medicine Research journal found that for shorter term exercise, the evening is more likely to be beneficial due to the decrease in muscle soreness.

"However, for longer term exercise (60 minutes or more) there was little to no difference in the effects of the time of day."

Hammond-Blackburn explains: "While exercise promotes the improvement of a lot of biological functions, there are also a lot of biological functions involved in physical activity itself, with one of the key processes being hormone production and release.

"The two main hormones involved are testosterone and cortisol."

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As Hammond-Blackburn explained, testosterone and cortisol are key to the repair and maintenance of muscles.

"The balance between these hormones has a more beneficial effect after exercising in the evening compared to the levels in the morning," he said.

Unfortunately there is no straightforward answer when it comes to the best time to exercise for increased longevity, however it should be noted that conducting even shorter periods of exercise once a day has the potential to add years onto your life.

As Hammond-Blackburn pointed out, numerous studies have shown that maintaining a minimal quantity and quality of exercise decreases the risk of cardiovascular mortality, prevents the development of some cancers, lowers the risk of osteoporosis and increases longevity.

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A recent study found that just 11 minutes of exercise can provide longevity benefits.

The study, published in the British Journal of Medicine, found that people who broke up a sedentary day with just 11 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous exercise were less likely to die than those who only got about two minutes of exercise a day.

Moderate activity will raise your heart rate, and make you breathe faster and feel warmer.

As the NHS explains, one way to tell if you're working at a moderate intensity level is if you can still talk, but not sing.

For the study, the researchers looked at data from wearable activity trackers worn by 44,370 middle-aged men and women in the U.S., Norway and Sweden.

The participants were followed for four to 14.5 years, and in that time, 3,451 participants died.

Examples of moderate intensity activities:

To enhance the benefits of regular exercise, you must eat a healthy, balanced diet.

"This means eating a wide variety of foods in the right proportions, and consuming the right amount of food and drink to achieve and maintain a healthy body weight," explains the NHS.

The Eatwell Guide shows that to have a healthy, balanced diet, people should try to:

"If you're having foods and drinks that are high in fat, salt and sugar, have these less often and in small amounts," advises the NHS.

It adds: "Try to choose a variety of different foods from the five main food groups to get a wide range of nutrients."

See the article here:
How to live longer: The best time of the day to exercise to boost longevity - Express

Chaka Khan Reflects on Her Career Longevity and Recording Some of Her Biggest Hits (Exclusive) – KARE11.com

Posted: at 6:47 am


Chaka Khan Reflects on Her Career Longevity and Recording Some of Her Biggest Hits (Exclusive)

Known as the Queen of Funk, Chaka Khan has had a long and celebrated career that first started in the 1970s and continues today, with the 25th anniversary re-release of Epiphany: The Best of Chaka Khan. While speaking with ETs Nischelle Turner, the 67-year-old singer looks back on recording one of her most iconic hits, Im Every Woman, and the key to her longevity in the music industry.

Released in 1978, Im Every Woman was Khans first solo and crossover hit, becoming an international anthem for women everywhere. At the time, the singer admits she didnt have a full grasp of the song co-written by Nickolas Ashford and Valerie Simpson.

When I first recorded it, I just felt very awkward singing [lyrics I'm every woman/It's all in me] the singer recalls. What am I talking about? It took me at least 10years before I stopped taking it personally.

She goes on to explain that she eventually saw the big picture behind the song. Now, you know, I sing it in a very different way I got to understand the whole message.

Another hit that has proved to have lasting power wasthe 1984 singleThrough the Fire, co-written by David Foster, Tom Keane and Cynthia Weil. The singer recalls when Foster first wrote it, he simply called it Chaka and kept asking her to sing the song.

I didnt understand any of that, she recalls with a laugh. But I said, OK, if you think its OK I sang it and here we are.

When it comes to how she feels about Kanye Wests sampling of the song in his breakout hit single, Through the Wire, Khan simply says, You really don't want to ask me that.

Of course, those are only two of the chart-toppers that appear on her greatest hits record, which features singles that span into the early 90s. Beyond that, shes released 13 studio albums and 41 solo singles, with her last record being 2019s Hello Happiness featuring the comeback singleLike Sugar.

Throughout her career, shes faced bigotry, racism and sexism within the music industry. Shes also managed to navigate several personal ups and downs, including drug abuse and alcoholism. But shes still here. I will say that I have had a lot struggles, she says, admitting that being Black and being a woman were my two biggest fights in my whole career.

When it comes to her longevity, Khan says its not something one can give themself. People give it to you. I didnt say that Im gonna be here forever. I just know Im living in the moment.

She adds, I dont remember what happened yesterday and I dont care what happens tomorrow. I live in the frickin moment right now. So people give me that, and Im honored.

A limited edition of Epiphany: The Best of Chaka Khan, Vol. 1printedon burgundy vinyl will be available on Feb. 26.

Read more here:
Chaka Khan Reflects on Her Career Longevity and Recording Some of Her Biggest Hits (Exclusive) - KARE11.com

How to live longer: Swap animal protein for plant protein to extend lifespan, says study – Express

Posted: at 6:47 am


Diet is one of the central pillars of longevity because it acts as a buffer against chronic disease. A vast body of research links a healthy diet to a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer. There is so much literature on the subject, researchers are able to make comparisons between different dietary approaches and make recommendations based on their investigations.

This grand sweep of the literature is known as a systematic review or meta-analysis.

A recent systematic review compared the impact animal protein and plant protein diets have on the risk of mortality from all causes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer.

For the systematic review, 32 prospective cohort studies were included and 31 meta-analysis.

During the follow-up period of 3.5 to 32 years, 113,039 deaths (16,429 from cardiovascular disease and 22,303 from cancer) occurred among 715,128 participants.

READ MORE:How to live longer: Walking every day promotes longevity - the amount you need to do

"Replacement of foods high in animal protein with plant protein sources could be associated with longevity," the researchers concluded.

Plant-based sources of protein include legumes (beans and peas), nuts, seeds, whole grains.

"If most of your protein comes from plants, make sure that you mix up your sources so no 'essential' components of protein are missing," advises Harvard Health.

"The good news is that the plant kingdom offers plenty of options to mix and match," the health body adds.

Here are some examples for each category:

In addition to increasing your intake of plant proteins, you should also shun certain items.

One of the most important tips is to eat less saturated fat, sugar and salt.

"Too much saturated fat can increase the amount of cholesterol in the blood, which increases your risk of developing heart disease," warns the NHS.

Foods high in saturated fat include:

In addition to improving your diet, you should also engage in regular exercise.

"Regular exercise will make your heart and blood circulatory system more efficient, lower your cholesterol level, and also keep your blood pressure at a healthy level," explains the NHS.

It adds: "Any aerobic exercise, such as walking, swimming and dancing, makes your heart work harder and keeps it healthy."

Continued here:
How to live longer: Swap animal protein for plant protein to extend lifespan, says study - Express

SARS CoV2 Infection _The longevity study Perspectives – DocWire News

Posted: at 6:47 am


This article was originally published here

Ageing Res Rev. 2021 Feb 16:101299. doi: 10.1016/j.arr.2021.101299. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Like other infectious diseases, COVID-19 shows a clinical outcome enormously variable, ranging from asymptomatic to lethal. In Italy, like in other countries, old male individuals, with one or more comorbidity, are the most susceptible group, and show, consequently, the highest mortality, and morbidity, including lethal respiratory distress syndrome, as the most common complication. In addition, another extraordinary peculiarity, that is a surprising resistance to COVID-19, characterizes some Italian nonagenarians/centenarians. Despite having the typical COVID-19 signs and/or symptoms, such exceptional individuals show a surprising tendency to recover from illness and complications. On the other hand, long-lived people have an optimal performance of immune system related to an overexpression of anti-inflammatory variants in immune/inflammatory genes, as demonstrated by our and other groups. Consequently, we suggest long-lived people as an optimal model for detecting genetic profiles associated with the susceptibility and/or protection to COVID-19, to utilize as potential pharmacological targets for preventing or reducing viral infection in more vulnerable individuals.

PMID:33607290 | DOI:10.1016/j.arr.2021.101299

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SARS CoV2 Infection _The longevity study Perspectives - DocWire News

Trending Report on Longevity And Anti Senescence Therapy Market Analysis and Revenue Forecast from 2020-2027 | Top Players CohBar, TA Sciences, Unity…

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Trending Report on Longevity And Anti Senescence Therapy Market Analysis and Revenue Forecast from 2020-2027 | Top Players CohBar, TA Sciences, Unity...

Security and longevity guaranteed, even in your region: Israel, Syria and the 1974 Separation of Forces Agreement – IsraelDefense

Posted: at 6:47 am


Two weeks ago, Israels sovereignty over the Golan Heights was back in the headlines for the first time since former US President Donald Trumps 2019 recognition of Israels 1981 annexation of the strategic plateau. New US Secretary of State Antony Blinken appeared to offer an understanding of the status quo as a necessity, commenting that: "As long as [dictator Bashar] Assad is in power in Syria, as long as Iran is present in Syria, militia groups backed by Iran, the Assad regime itself all of these pose a significant security threat to Israel, and as a practical matter, the control of the Golan in that situation I think remains of real importance to Israels security."

Blinken went on to note that if the situation in Syria were to monumentally change, the Biden administration could engage both Israel and the Assad regime anew, albeit this scenario is too far off to even contemplate. In such a context though, it is useful to remember how we arrived at the borders formal status quo.

In 1973, then US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger choreographed a ceasefire that concluded the 1973 Arab-Israeli war. The ceasefire between Israel and the Syrian Arab Republic metamorphosed into the 1974 Separation of Forces Agreement between the two foes. The Agreement was the epitome of conflict management and, in the decades that followed, Israel, Syria, and the supporting signatories, the United States, Russia (formally the Soviet Union), and the United Nations Security Council regarded the Agreement as a tool for a peace treaty.

Even as Israel and Syria battled each other in the Lebanese arena in 1982, the Agreement was generally upheld. During the 1990s and well into the 2000s both Damascus and Jerusalem complied with the Agreement, using it as an anchor in direct and indirect peace talks. The one critical exception occurred on 6 September 2007 when the Israeli Air Force (IAF) executed a covert military action against Syrias clandestine nuclear reactor. Israel only formally acknowledged the attack named Operation Soft Melody on 21 March 2018. The military action has never been officially raised as a violation by Syria or the other signatories, because the two countries were already working out a framework for the indirect peace negotiations between Bashar Al Assad and the then Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert.

Between 2014 and July 2018, the Islamic State (ISIS) and the Al Qaeda affiliates Jabhat al-Nusra almost brought about a scenario in which Syrian forces would be absent from the border with Israel. For its part, Israel faced different groups across the border with whom it had no ceasefire agreement. Since 2018 though, the momentum has swung Assads way. Supported by Iran and Russia, Assad regained control and ISIS gradually dissolved. Iran and Hezbollah have stepped into the vacuum.

Today, Syrian sovereignty has been hollowed out by a spectrum of combatants that comprises Iranian military forces, local and foreign militia. Syria is emerging from the decade-long multilayered conflict as a fragile protg state, leaving the status quo of the frontier that has endured with relative stability for nearly 50 years in question.

The Devil You Know

Structured into the relations between Israel and the Assad Regime, the Agreement legitimizes the existing and evolving practices of the current covert and overt remote warfare between Israel and Iran in a fractured Syria. While the Agreement never fulfilled its original purpose of developing into a peace accord, its potential to do so remains, and the Agreement has been proven reliable. It has proven itself to be a useful risk management tool during the interstate conflict in Syria by helping to prevent a spillover into the Golan Heights.

As Assad gradually confronts the rigid economic sanctions imposed by the US and its new administration, as well as the normalization accords between Israel, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Sudan, he could be lured out of the cold. Although the chances of reestablishing a sovereign Syria are very slim, the existing legacy of the agreement holds. It might serve yet again as a pivot for future talks, and help add some legitimacy to a new Syrian entity in the eyes of the international community pushing for Arab-Israeli normalization.

Guy Cohen is an Innovation Scouting & Governments Affairs advisor based in Munich, Germany.

Originally posted here:
Security and longevity guaranteed, even in your region: Israel, Syria and the 1974 Separation of Forces Agreement - IsraelDefense

Prevalence and Longevity of SARS-CoV-2 Antibodies Among Health Care Workers – DocWire News

Posted: at 6:47 am


This article was originally published here

Open Forum Infect Dis. 2021 Jan 17;8(2):ofab015. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofab015. eCollection 2021 Feb.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Understanding severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 antibody prevalence in a spectrum of health care workers (HCWs) may provide benchmarks of susceptibility, help us understand risk stratification, and support enactment of better health policies and procedures.

METHODS: Blood serum was sampled at enrollment and 8-week follow-up from HCWs (n = 3458) and from community first responders (n = 226) for immunoglobulin G (IgG) analyses. Demographics, job duties, location, and coronavirus disease 2019-related information were collected.

RESULTS: The observed IgG antibody prevalence was 0.93% and 2.58% at enrollment (May/June) and 8-week follow-up (July/August), respectively, for HCWs, and 5.31% and 4.35% for first responders. For HCWs, significant differences (P < .05) between negative and positive at initial assessment were found for age, race, fever, and loss of smell, and at 8-week follow-up for age, race, and all symptoms. Antibody positivity persisted at least 8 weeks in all positive HCWs.

CONCLUSIONS: We found considerably lower antibody prevalence among HCWs compared with other published studies. While rigorous safety process measures instituted in our workplace and heightened awareness at and outside of the workplace among our HCWs may have contributed to our findings, the significant discrepancy from our community prevalence warrants further studies on other contributing factors.

PMID:33604403 | PMC:PMC7880269 | DOI:10.1093/ofid/ofab015

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Prevalence and Longevity of SARS-CoV-2 Antibodies Among Health Care Workers - DocWire News

The secret to Final Fantasy XIV ‘s longevity lies in the room its devs are given to innovate – Gamasutra

Posted: at 6:47 am


"There is a major risk of boredom and fatigue. In order to mitigate that aspect, thats why we leave 30 to 40-percent outside of the bundled package so that we can take on new challenges."

- Final Fantasy XIV's Naoki Yoshida shares his advice for thriving in the live games space.

Final Fantasy XIV producer and director Naoki Yoshida sat down with The Washington Post recently to explore exactly what makes the game as successful as it has become, and why Square Enix is hopeful it'll continue to forge forward with new content and even more players.

Part of the secret, Yoshida tells The Washington Post, lies in how the team handles the traditionally tight development cycles needed to support a live game. He explains that, for Final Fantasy XIV, roughly one third of a new piece of content or update's development time is set aside to focus on innovation.

In doing so, developers are given the room they need to keep players on their toes with new concepts while also staving off some of the burnout that otherwise comes with repetitive cycles. This starts at the earliest stages of planning new content.

For creating our instance dungeon, we would need our game design to come up with the actual content of the plan and that would probably take about 10 business days, and then we would report that for proper approvals which cost another 30 days, and then well route that to the programmers, which would take them about two weeks to program in the mechanics," says Yoshida. "Its very clear as to how much cost and time well take with each component of the package that we have for our planners and the management.

He tells The Washington Post that 60 to 70 percent of a development cycle is for the standard work expected of any update. Meanwhile, the rest of the time is set aside for developers to explore new ideas and concepts.

With that being said, there is a major risk of boredom and fatigue. In order to mitigate that aspect, thats why we leave 30 to 40-percent outside of the bundled package so that we can take on new challenges, think of new pieces of content we can deliver," continues Yoshida. "And sometimes well make use of that space over multiple patches to bring something larger scale. So by doing so, we still have a sort of stability in our 60 or 70 percent regular content.

Check out the full interview with The Washington Post for more from Yoshida on Final Fantasy XIV's development, how XIV has evolved through its lifetime, and his advice for other developers in the live games space.

See more here:
The secret to Final Fantasy XIV 's longevity lies in the room its devs are given to innovate - Gamasutra

We’re killing those tropical trees we’re counting on to absorb carbon dioxide – Mongabay.com

Posted: at 6:47 am


If a tree lives 500 years, it carries the carbon assimilated and stocked for the last 500 years, says Giuliano Locosselli, a researcher at the University of So Paulo (USP) in Brazil. If instead, the tree lives 300 years, it means the carbon will be stocked by 200 years less. So we are accelerating the carbon cycle, and the result is that we have more carbon in the atmosphere.

Trees have always been our main allies in the fight against global warming, thanks to their capacity to take the carbon dioxide out of the air and store it for dozens or even hundreds of years in their trunks, branches, leaves and roots. Our recklessness, however, has sabotaged this capacity. Thats the conclusion of two studies published at the end of last year, which show that rising temperatures, resulting from our runaway greenhouse gas emissions, are reducing the longevity of the trees in many forests worldwide, including in the Amazon, the largest tropical forest on the planet.

The studies one led by Locosselli and published in the , and the other by Roel Brienen of the University of Leeds in the U.K., published in look at the links between rising temperatures and tree growth and mortality rates. Locosselli and Brienen have worked together for many years and are co-authors on both studies, alongside 20 other researchers from Brazil, Chile, Argentina, Canada, the U.S., the U.K., Germany, France, Italy and Finland. Both studies use data from the International Tree-Ring Data Bank, the worlds largest public archive of this type, maintained by the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The rings that appear in cross-sections of tree trunks provide crucial information about the individual trees age, growth rate, and the prevailing environmental conditions.

In 2015, Brienen had already observed a change in the dynamic of growth and mortality of Amazonian trees. He analyzed data collected in 321 different parts of the forest during the past three decades. We label all the trees, identify the species and measure their diameters. Then we come back some years later, measure them again, calculate how fast they have been growing, how many new trees have been recruited, and how many trees are dying, he says.

Looking at the data, Brienen realized that the trees grew faster in the 1980s and the 1990s. On one hand, thats good news: the faster a tree grows, the more carbon it can take out of the atmosphere. But on the other hand, the faster a tree grows, the sooner it dies. It is the grow faster, die young phenomenon, Brienen says. If they grow too fast, they quickly reach a certain diameter and a certain height at which they die, because the leaves cant pump all the water they need from the roots up to the canopy. Then they die of hydraulic failure.

In the 1980s and 1990s, however, this trade-off between growth and mortality played in our favor. Accelerated growth made up for the trees early deaths when it came to the net amount of carbon captured. From 2000 to 2010, however, the situation began to reverse. The increase in the growth rates have flattened, but the mortality rates continued to increase. It means that over recent times the forest is taking up less carbon from the atmosphere than it did before, Brienen says.

The studies show that this change was propelled by rising temperatures. Scientists compared trees from temperate zones with those from tropical zones and realized that, the higher the temperature, the faster the growth. But theres a limit beyond which the longevity-to-growth ratio goes out of whack: 25 Celsius (77 Fahrenheit).

The growth rates in the tropics are already operating close to the limit, Locosselli says. So if the temperature rises, it doesnt have a big impact on their growth rates. But if you look at longevity, it falls drastically when the temperature goes above 25C.

These findings arent just a snapshot of whats happening now; they also highlight a long-term pattern. In Brazil, the higher mortality rates observed in trees in the northern and central Amazon are expected to spread to the southern portion of the rainforest by 2050. The forecast is also worrisome for the Congo Basin in Central Africa, home to the worlds second-greatest expanse of tropical rainforest, where temperatures across the region are expected to exceed 25C by 2050. It means that the capacity of forests to take the carbon out of the atmosphere and store it may be slowing over time, Brienen says.

For Locosselli, the most important message is that we shouldnt bet all our climate solution chips on the forests. Trees and forests still have a major role in the control of the quantity of carbon in the atmosphere, but their capacity of storing carbon dioxide has been reduced by the rise of the temperatures and the changes in the rain pattern, he says. So we have to reforest and protect our forests? Yes. But we also have to reduce emissions.

These findings affect not only the future of tropical countries, like Brazil and the Democratic Republic of Congo, but all nations committed to the Paris Agreement, which aims to curb the average global temperature rise by 1.5C (2.7F) above pre-industrial levels by 2100.

Gustavo Pinheiro is the coordinator of the low-carbon economy portfolio at the Climate and Society Institute (ICS), a nonprofit that promotes sustainable industry in Brazil. He says the rise in tree mortality shows that the Paris Agreements goals should be more ambitious and accomplished within a shorter time frame. There is an urgency to meet these goals since we are already seeing the effects on the hydraulic cycles and the rise of the temperatures, he says.

But Brazil, under the administration of President Jair Bolsonaro, has gone in the opposite direction. While countries like China and the U.K. have touted more ambitious goals, the Bolsonaro government has not only reduced its goals of emission reductions but also conditioned them on payments of $10 billion per year. Moreover, the Brazilian new nationally determined contribution or NDC, which is the reduction goal the country has committed to under the Paris Agreement is totally uncertain as it doesnt present how the country will meet its goals, Pinheiro says.

Brazil is also failing to deliver what would be its main contribution to the Paris Agreement: an end to deforestation. From 2004 to 2012, starting under the administration of then-president Luiz Incio Lula da Silva, Brazil saw its annual deforestation rate drop significantly from 27,772 square kilometers (10,722 square miles), more than half the size of Florida, to 4,571 km2 (1,765 mi2). This was thanks mainly to the Action Plan for Prevention and Control of Deforestation in the Legal Amazon (PPCDAM), implemented by Marina Silva, Lulas environment minister.

But the rates went up again from 2013, under the presidency of Dilma Roussef, who slashed the PPCDAM budget. In 2019, the first year of Bolsonaros presidency, deforestation exceeded 10,000 km2 (3,900 mi2), and the result was a rise of 9,6% in the countrys carbon emissions. The far-right leader has promoted the dismantlement of environmental agencies and enlisted the armed forces to do the job. He has also encouraged illegal mining and deforestation with his rhetoric. INPE, the national institute responsible for monitoring the Amazon, is still calculating the official rate of deforestation in 2020, but its expected to be more than 11,000 km2 (4,250 mi2).

Citations:

Locosselli,G.M., Brienen,R.J. W., Leite,M.D., Gloor,M., Krottenthaler,S., de Oliveira,A.A., Buckeridge,M. (2020). Global tree-ring analysis reveals rapid decrease in tropical tree longevity with temperature.PNAS,117(52), 33358-33364. doi:10.1073/pnas.2003873117

Brienen,R.J. W., Caldwell,L., Duchesne,L., Voelker,S., Barichivich,J., Baliva,M., Gloor,E. (2020). Forest carbon sink neutralized by pervasive growth-lifespan trade-offs.Nature Communications,11(1), 4241. doi:10.1038/s41467-020-17966-z

This story was first reported by Mongabays Brazil team and published here on our Brazil site on Feb. 17, 2021.

Banner Image: Sunrise over the Amazon rainforest. Photo by Rhett A. Butler.

Excerpt from:
We're killing those tropical trees we're counting on to absorb carbon dioxide - Mongabay.com

Obesity is a Disaster Requiring Urgent Intervention in South Africa – Longevity LIVE – Longevity LIVE

Posted: at 6:47 am


800 million people around the world are affected by obesity. According to Riekie Smit, MD, South Africa has alarmingly high rates of adult obesity. More than half of the female population and over a quarter of the male population are obese. Up to 70% of the female population is either overweight or obese.

South Africa is also rated in the top 3 countries in Africa in terms of adult obesity rates, with no signs of this abating. Even worse, childhood obesity rates are continuing to rise. According to Diabetes South Africa, 20% of girls younger than 9 years are overweight. Alarmingly 13,5% of school-going children are overweight or obese, which is higher than the 10% global rate.

Obesity is defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or more. Your BMI is calculated with a simple formula of your weight (kg) divided by your height (m) squared. BMI calculators are also easily accessible online.

This should not be the only guideline used, as your waist circumference is another really important measure of your risk for health problems. A high-risk waistline is over 80cm for women or over 94cm for men, and this indicates an increased risk for high blood pressure, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and other conditions.

Diabetes, which is one of the conditions associated with obesity, is now the largest killer of South African women according to Statistics SA research.

What we have seen is that having type 2 diabetes also increases your risk of severe illness from COVID-19. In fact, adults of any age withcertainunderlying medical conditionsare at increased risk for severe illness from the virus that causes COVID-19, including being overweight and obese.

The main reason for this is the comorbidities associated with obesity. I am often surprised at how many obese patients are not aware of the other medical conditions they already have.

Obesity, as well as its comorbid diseases, affects ones immunity and your bodys ability to recover from illnesses. Obesity is associated with a depressed immune system and chronic low-grade inflammation in your body.

In fact, researchers have established the likelihood that the presence of excess fat or adipose tissue could increase transmission of the virus between organs and could possibly increase viral load and drive disease severity.

Obesity is associated with reduced cardiac and respiratory function, kidney pathology and all these and the other comorbid conditions gives rise to the poor outcome that many obese patients have when infected with COVID-19.2 Worse yet, obese people generally seem to respond poorly to vaccinations and antiviral treatments.

Furthermore, obesity increases your risk for numerous other health conditions, many of which can be fatal. Overall, obesity is estimated to increase the risk of dying from heart conditions by four times. It also doubles your risk of cancer-related death.

For persons with severe obesity (BMI >40), life expectancy is reduced by as much as 20 years in men and 5 years in women.

Numerous scientific studies have revealed that most of the obesity related medical conditions improve significantly with a weight loss of as little as 5% to 10% of your body weight. This should really motivate anyone with health or weight problems. I advise people with weight issues to educate themselves and the people close to them about how weight issues affect health.

This includes understanding why maintaining a healthy weight is important.

If you are worried about your weight, speak to your doctor for advice about how to lose or manage your weight. Educate yourself, write down the steps. Have a goal, and then start following the steps. You will also need help and advice from those with experience. If you are struggling with obesity issues monitor your progress. If there is no progress, get help, rather than give up.

Dr Riekie Smit has a private practice in Pretoria South Africa. She specializes in Sports and Aesthetic Medicine. She has a special interest in weight management with years of experience in practice. Dr Smit is also the chairperson of the Aesthetic Medicine Congress of South Africa. As well as the faculty coordinator for the Advanced Diploma in Aesthetic Medicine and EXCO of the Aesthetic and Anti-aging Medicine Society of South Africa. She is an international trainer in her field and has authored many medical article in journals and scientific publications.

You can check your BMI and weight circumference and get access to professionally developed dietary guidelines which feature different meal plans to suit various lifestyles and energy requirements. http://www.ilivelite.co.za

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Obesity is a Disaster Requiring Urgent Intervention in South Africa - Longevity LIVE - Longevity LIVE

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